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Activity Report

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (2-5 October 2018) 

irp_mongol.JPGThe Government of Mongolia, along with UNCRD and other partners, convened the Intergovernmental Eleventh Regional Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) Forum in Asia, 2-5 October 2018 at Shangri-La Hotel in Ulaanbaatar to discuss the role of EST in "Sustainable Urban Design and Development". The Forum sought to address the increasing pressure on transport systems to deliver safe and efficient movement of people and goods in the context of rapid urbanization in Asia. The discussions put emphasis on how cities can manage the enormous demand for transport and freight within the constraints of current infrastructure and development. Additionally, it dwelt on how can cities ascertain the continuity of transport operations in case of a disaster.
The International Recovery Platform-Asian Disaster Reduction Center (IRP-ADRC) was invited to the Forum to offer insights on how to achieve resilience of transport systems in the context of disaster risks and climate change. In its presentation, IRP-ADRC suggested that national and city governments can consider the several actions to achieve resilience of transport systems.
First, maintain a disaster loss database. Governments usually record the damages to transport infrastructures but not the losses from disaster. However, if governments maintain a disaster loss database, it can facilitate greater understanding of risk and enhance resilience. Disaster loss data helps indicate the level of resilience, and offers insights regarding: (i) vulnerability of key transport assets to hazards; (ii) resource requirements for reconstruction of transport assets and structures; and (iii) continuity of transport operations in case of disaster. Second, perform pre-disaster mitigation. Governments can strengthen critical transport infrastructures (e.g., railways, roads, and bridges) by upgrading or retrofitting these structures to reduce vulnerability. This action requires regular assessment of the conditions of the transport systems to address structural deficiencies, exposure, and vulnerability to hazards. Finally, "build back better in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction". Governments can heed the guidance from the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction by ensuring that the reconstruction of transport infrastructures and assets conforms to the national/global standards so that it can withstand the impacts of future hazards.
Over 300 officials (national/local governments, regional/international organizations, UN agencies, development banks, academic, science institutes, NGOs, and private sector) participated in the Forum. The geographic representation encompassed 25 countries in Northeast, Southeast, and South Asia and the Russian Federation.

(2018/10/02 14:40)
Yogyakarta, Indonesia (September 21-23, 2018)

irp_indonesia.JPGThe Association of the Indonesian Catholic Universities (APTIK), in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and the Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta (UAJY), invited the International Recovery Platform-Asian Disaster Reduction Center (IRP-ADRC) to speak about disaster recovery as an opportunity to enhance resilience and how to achieve the benefits of "build back better". The organizers particularly requested IRP-ADRC to present how recovery contributes to "Resilience in Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Mitigation", the overarching theme of the 1st APTIK International Conference on Poverty and Environment. 
Over 100 professors, lecturers, and graduate students from APTIK member universities participated in the conference. Most participants shared research findings and programs on poverty alleviation and environmental mitigation - showcasing the role of universities in providing policy and program recommendations to both public and private sectors.
The keynote speech highlighted three points. Firstly, it mentioned the benefits of "build back better" in recovery, including: preventing future losses and reducing vulnerabilities; enabling faster recovery and creating co-benefits to the environment; and minimizing adverse impacts to poor people through inclusion in the recovery process. Secondly, it identified critical actions to achieve "build back better", including: having clear and adequate implementation arrangements; ensuring up-to-date policy on recovery; considering context-specific institutional arrangements; and putting in place predictable funds for recovery. Finally, it offered insights on how to sustain the benefits of "build back better", including: regularly amending recovery policies and regulations; regularly conducting pre-disaster mitigation; and regularly conducting drills and simulations. The speech concluded by emphasizing the importance of "preparedness to build back better" that can be carried out through pre-agreements, pre-disaster recovery planning, drills, and simulations in order to achieve resilient recovery. 
(2018/09/22 14:40)

At the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR), 3-6 July 2018 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, the International Recovery Platform (IRP)/ADRC organized series of events to highlight recent developments on "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.
Side Event: Recovery as an Opportunity to Prevent Risk
Suld Hall 1, Best Western Premier Tuushin Hotel, 5 July 2018, 10:15 - 11:15

mol1.JPGIRP/ADRC organized this side event to showcase recovery initiatives, pre- and post-event, that contribute to preventing risk. It put emphasis on how recovery contributes to resilience through "build back better" efforts. At the opening, Mr. Shinichi TAKAHASHI, Vice Mayor Sendai City, described three recovery initiatives to strengthen resilience following the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011; and the IRP Secretariat reported the outcomes of the International Recovery Forum 2018. The interactive panel members included Myat Moe THWE, Director, Department of Disaster Management, Government of Myanmar; Arghya SINHAROY, DRM Specialist Asian Development Bank; and Mahesh PRADHAN, Programme Officer UN Environment. Myanmar looked back 10 years after cyclone Nargis reporting how recovery was an opportunity to strengthen community resilience in housing, infrastructure, and livelihoods. ADB explained that post-disaster assistance for recovery can create opportunities to strengthen resilience but success is dependent on: (1) longer-term commitment; (2) robust, flexible approaches for reconstruction; (3) good governance arrangements; (4) adequate and timely availability of financing; and (5) facilitating knowledge and strengthening partnerships. UN Environment reported that effective Disaster Waste Management during recovery process can enhance resilience by (1) integrating disaster contingency planning in national and city-level waste management strategies; (2) improving routines for sorting, collecting, and storing disaster waste; (3) reducing the impact of waste on the environment during recovery; and (4) utilizing engineered landfills. During the discussions, Setsuko SAYA, Cabinet Office Japan and Co-Chair of IRP Steering Committee, who served as moderator, noted the panelists' responses to questions from audience that pre-disaster recovery planning (PDRP) can be viewed as an investment planning tool that both national and local governments can adopt. She concluded the session with the following messages:
  Preparing for recovery prevents risks and strengthens resilience
  Recovery contributes to resilience by initiating investments, pre-disaster recovery planning, pre-contracts, and pre-agreements before the disaster
  To "Build Forward Better", vulnerabilities need to be addressed today

Ignite Stage: Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning: Lessons and Challenges
Sukhbaatar Square, 4 July 2018, 15:15 -15:30

mol2.JPGIn this presentation, IRP/ADRC argued that effective recovery begins before disaster happens. One of the tools is Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning (PDRP) which addresses common recovery issues associated with time, resources, and capacity. The presentation highlighted five lessons on PDRP: (1) recovery strategies and decisions can be made now; (2) the planning process facilitates stronger stakeholders' relationship; (3) it helps explore modalities for financing recovery; (4) it ensures accountability; and (5) it promotes "Build Back Better" for resilience. However, in practice, PRDP poses the following challenges: (1) it is not conducted frequently since it's time-consuming, expensive, difficult, and controversial; (2) community fails to recognize the value because it's rarely activated; (3) lack of local resource or mandate to encourage participation; (4) it's not integrated in DRR plans as most are stand-alone plans; and (5) it requires regular conduct of drills and revision of manuals. The presentation concluded that,
  PDRP raises awareness and appreciation of the operational value of recovery preparedness
  It enables effective coordination structure and facilitates rapid (yet informed) action in an otherwise demanding and chaotic environment following a disaster
  It requires commitment, including consistent drills and manuals' updating
Market Place: IRP a Network for "Build Back Better"
Sukhbaatar Square, 4-5 July 2018, 09:00-17:00

mol3.JPGのサムネール画像The IRP/ADRC booth at the Marketplace was an opportunity to showcase IRP knowledge products, publications, and good practices in "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstructions. Over 500 people visited the booth, distributing around 300 IRP brochures, about 320 USBs and CDs containing knowledge products on recovery, 20 copies of Guidance Notes on Recovery for Private Sector, and over 150 copies of IRP Herald. Additionally, the booth exhibited posters, banners, newsletters, flyers, and guidance notes on recovery along 12 themes. IRP/ADRC showed video clips on recovery at the wide stage openly visible to the public. More importantly, staffers from the IRP Secretariat manned the booth to further explain the works and activities of IRP.
 (2018/07/18 14:40)


17-20 April 2018 (Gujarat, India)

In support of the Making Cities Resilient Campaign, the Asian Disaster Reduction Center/International Recovery Platform (ADRC/IRP) dispatched a resource person at the workshop on "Urban Risk Reduction and Resilience: Capacity Development for Making Cities Resilient to Disasters", 17-20 April 2018 in Gujarat, India. The event was jointly organized by the National Disaster Management Authority of India (NDMA) and the Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management (GIDM) in collaboration with the UNISDR-GETI.

irp2.jpgForty-one officials, from national and local governments, participated in the four-day workshop that was aimed at guiding government planners to integrate the Ten Essentials of Making Cities Resilient to Disasters into their respective Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Plans. ADRC/IRP shared lessons on disaster recovery, particularly for Essential 9 (Ensure effective preparedness and disaster response) and Essential 10 (Expedite recovery and build back better), which were mostly taken from the IRP Guidance Notes on Recovery.

At the end of the workshop, participants came up with suggested actions and projects to strengthen resilience of their cities and communities. For instance, to prepare for the projected increase of heat wave, many local governments suggested exploring the cool-roof and passive ventilation techniques to achieve thermal comfort at residences (Essential 9). Additionally, pre-contracts of housing materials (e.g., lumbers, roof, and ventilation) or pre-agreements (of support among neighboring local governments) can be undertaken to expedite recovery efforts (Essential 10). The suggested actions/projects will be further deliberated among stakeholders of respective local governments before finally integrating it into the DRR Plans.

   (2018/05/01 14:40)

24-25 February 2018 (Port Moresby, PNG)

Papua New Guinea (PNG) has officially kicked off its APEC year 2018 and the First Senior Officials Meeting (SOM1), which took place from 24 February to 9 March. At the beginning, the 13th Emergency Preparedness Working Group (EPWG) Meeting was held at Laguna Hotel in Port Moresby. Mr. Ruel Yamina, Managing Director of Climate Change and Development Authority, Papua New Guinea, officially opened the meeting. Remarks were then given by the new co-chair, Dr. Wei-Sen Li, Chinese Taipei. Japan, as the former co-chair, expressed gratitude to the host economy and congratulated Chinese Taipei on its appointment to the position of EPWG co-chair.

At the first meeting of 2018, PNG, as the host economy, presented the themes and priorities for 2018: Harnessing Inclusive Opportunities, Embracing the Digital Future. PNG then gave an update on preparations for the 12th Senior Disaster Management Officials Forum, SDMOF, scheduled for 25-26 September in Kokopo, East New Britain Island, and proposed
"Advancing multi-hazard early warning systems for emergency preparedness and DRM,"
as the main theme for SDMOF. This is intended to cover effective data collection and analysis for warnings, the communication and delivery of warning messages, and the localization of warnings based on lessons learned from the major natural disasters that have hit the economy including the Volcanic eruptions in Rabaul (1994), the Aitape tsunami (1998), Cyclone Guba (2007), the El Nino droughts of 1997-1998 and 2015-2016, and the disaster experiences in other economies. PNG proposed that outcomes might include policy statements and recommendations to ensure that early warning systems facilitate the monitoring of multiple hazards, and the sharing of best practices in the use of digital technology to collect, store, and analyze monitoring and warning data.

Dr. Li, co-chair, then presented the EPWG 2018 Workplan, followed by updates and reports on the progress of EPWG projects. Chile started by reporting on the workshop on Tsunami Threat Assessment for Tsunami Warning Centers of APEC Economies held last December. ADRC reported on the APEC project "Enhancing Rural Disaster Resilience through Effective Infrastructure Investment", which was co-sponsored by Viet Nam, Japan, and other economies, and also the workshop held in Vinh City last September. The essence of the draft casebook was shared with by member economies for discussion. ADRC also informed member economies about the 2017 project "Identifying Economic Impacts by Mega Disasters Affecting Asia Pacific Economies" and announced that a workshop is scheduled to be held in autumn in Awaji, Japan, back to back with ACDR2018.

In the afternoon of Day1, participants shared with recent experiences of natural disasters including the cyclones and heatwaves in Australia, Hurricane Harvey, Hurricane Irma, and Hurricane Maria in the USA, the Pohan Earthquake in November 2017 in Korea, the El Nino and Mount Kadovar eruption in PNG, and the Hualien Earthquake in February in Chinese Taipei. From Japan, ADRC briefed about the heavy rainfall in Kyushu last summer, the recent eruption of mount Kusatsu-Shirane and also the heavy snowfalls this winter, in Japan.

Day 2 started with a report by China on preparations for the 10th anniversary of the Sichuan Earthquake, followed by a video message on recent inundations by INDECI in Peru, and another remote participation by ADPC. In the discussion on DRR policy priorities and the APEC DRR Framework implementation, ADRC presented information about GLIDE and its role as a basic tool for DRR information. This was intended to facilitate implementation of the APEC DRR Framework and encourage member economies to use GLIDE. As an outreaching collaboration, ADRC also reported about the discussion with ADRC members on future DRR priorities after its 20th anniversary.

Despite the recent floods and volcanic eruption, PNG successfully organized the first meeting of EPWG, thanks to the efforts of CCDA and NDC. The second EPWG meeting  will be  held in August in Port Moresby.

Photo:PNG delegation at EPWG

Photo: Video message from INDECI, Peru


                                                (2018/03/10 12:30)
14-15 December 2017 (Bangkok, Thailand)

The ISDR ASIA PARTNERSHIP FORUM meeting was held on 14 and 15 December 2017 in Bangkok, Thailand and attended by many DRR officials and practitioners. The participants were welcomed by Ms. Kirsi Madi, Director, UNISDR, followed by opening remarks and official opening by Ms Sayanaa Lkhagvasuren, Chief Adviser to Deputy Prime Minister and Head of DPM's Office, Government of Mongolia. After a round-table introduction of the Participants, Ms. Loretta Hieber Girardet, new chief, UNISDR Regional Office for Asia Pacific presented the draft agenda.

On Day1, 16 countries including Japan made their brief progress reports on the implementation of the Sendai Framework and the Asia Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction by following the three questions informed by UNISDR, (1. Major achievements made in year 2017, 2. Main challenges and 3. Ongoing or upcoming main programmes/activities/events, followed by reports by international organizations and diverse stakeholders including ADRC in the afternoon .

ADRC first briefed about ACDR2017 held in Azerbaijan and the APECworkshop on rural infrastructure BBB, shared challenges ADRC member countries answered in the questionnaire survey in Azerbaijan and the ACDR2018 in Awaji for the 20th anniversary as the key upcoming event.

Day 2 started with the report made by UNISDR on the outcome of the Technical workshop to launch the Sendai Framework Monitoring Process held Bonne workshop 6-8 December, and the key dates and milestones for 2018-2019. Participants then discussed priority issues of Sendai Framework by splitting themselves into groups. In the afternoon, Mongolia reported about the status of preparation for AMCDRR and the preparatory process. In April, another IAP meeting will be held for the preparation for AMCDRR in July 2018.

Photo: Report by Ms. Setsuko Saya, Cabinet Office, Japan

Photo: Report by UNISDR


(2017/12/22 12:30)

14-17 November 2017 (Bengaluru, India)

The 24th Session of the Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF) was held from 14 to 17 November in Bengaluru, India. It was co-organized by the Department of Space (DOS), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
APRSAF was established in 1993 to enhance space activities in the Asia-Pacific region. Attended by space agencies, governments, and international organizations such as the United Nations as well as companies, universities and research institutes, this forum is the largest space-related conference in the Asia-Pacific region. APRSAF has four Working Groups: the (1) Space Applications Working Group (SAWG), (2) Space Technology Working Group (STWG), (3) Space Environment Utilization Working Group (SEUWG), and (4) Space Education Working Group (SEWG). APRSAF participants share information about their activities and the future plans for their countries and regions in each working group. APRSAF also supports international projects designed to find solutions to common issues such as disaster management and environmental protection.
The Sentinel Asia initiative is one such activity, and involves the use of space-based information in the form of satellite images for disaster management in the Asia-Pacific region. ADRC has been tasked with the responsibility of receiving emergency observation requests from ADRC member countries and Joint Project Team (JPT) members. ADRC joined the Space Applications Working Group (SAWG) and reported on Trends in Emergency Observation Requests of Sentinel Asia.
Sentinel Asia marked its 10th anniversary in 2016 and its continued development is expected in 2017 and beyond. ADRC is planning to strengthen its network with disaster management organizations and to develop standard operating procedures for Sentinel Asia.

(2017/12/10 18:30)
23-25 November 2017 (Tokyo, Japan)

From 23rd to 25th November, the Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017 was held at Science Council of Japan and National Art Center, Tokyo, Japan co-organized by Science Council of Japan (SCJ), United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR), Public Works Research Institute (IRDR) and National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED). 

The conference was opened by the opening remarks by Dr. Robert Glasser, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction, followed by Prof. Shuaib Lwasa, Chair, Science Committee, Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR), and Prof. Toshio Koike, Director, International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM) Public Works Research. Prof. Gordon McBean, President, International Council for Science ICSU, then delivered a keynote speech.

During the three days, eight plenary panel discussions including four for each priority action of the Sendai Framework were held, while three working sessions and poster presentations were organized as well. ADRC made a brief presentation in the prenary panel 1 on GLIDE and made comments in a poster session on the use of satellite imagery with JAXA. The draft of "Tokyo Statement 2017--Science and technology action for a disaster-resilient world was discussed. At the end of the three days, a high level session took place in the presence of His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince.
(2017/12/10 12:30)
30 Oct. - 3 Nov. 2017 (Jeju, Rep. of Korea)

The ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee 12th Integrated Workshop "Tropical cyclone related forecast, warning and DRR in the era of big data and social media: challenges and opportunities"was held from 30 October to 3rd November, in Jeju, Republic of Korea. From Japan, JMA, MLIT, ICHARM and ADRC attended the meeting. The workshop was opened by Director General,Korea Meteorological Administration, Dr.CHO hyoseob, Han River Flood Control Office, Republic of Korea, Mr.Yu Jixin-Typhoon Committee Secretary,Typhoon Committee Secretariat, Mr.Taoyong Peng,Chief of TCP Programme,World Meteorological Organization and Representative of ESCAP. Dr. NAM Jaecheol, Administrator of Korea meteorological Administration made an opening address by video.  

In the following plenary session,a seriese of keynote lectures were given on the main theme of "Tropical cyclone related forecast including one by Dr.Muroi, JMA on "Tropical cyclone forecast improvements at JMA-challenges and opportunities with the Bog data".
On day 2, three parallel sessions took place and participants attended individual working groups: JMA for working group for metheorology, MLIT for working group for hydrology and ADRC for working group for DRR.

The WGDRR Parallel Meeting started with attended by 20 participants from nine members including China, Hong Kong, China, Japan, Lao PDR, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, USA and Vietnam, and the representatives from TCS and WMO. First, participants presented their report on the activities on DRR in 2017 and typhoons.

ADRC first summarized four typhoons that landed Japan in 2017 by October including no.3, no.5, no.18 and no.21, and reported about recent use of GLIDE by stressing the effectiveness of GLIDE for sharing information on disasters affecting many countries beyond borders, in particular, those on typhoons. ADRC also informed about some cases of infrastructure BBB studied in the APEC project by highlighting the BBB cases, in which relevant authorities in the affected region successfully overcame the effects of typhoon at the stage of infrastructure recovery works. Finally, ADRC shared its member countries' DRR priorities of climate change and climate induced disasters, and stressed the importance of learning the past experiences such as the great Hanshin Awaji flood in 1938.
(2017/11/10 12:30) 
Group_Photo_SS.png4 - 5 November 2017 (Hangzhou, People's Republic of China)

<1st day, 4 November>
This meeting hosted by the Department of Faculty of Social Science and School of Public Administration, Zhejiang University, was held as the track 2 meeting of interdisciplinary studies on promotion of trilateral collaboration. University faculty members and public organization researchers who specialized political science, sociology, economics, anthropology, environmental science and others in China, South Korea and Japan reported their studies, activities, efforts and experiences in their individual fields.

Professor Xunda Yu (Ph.D.), Dean of Faculty of Social Science and School of Public Administration, Zhejiang University and President of this meeting, emphasized the following three points in his opening remarks.
(1) This meeting is sponsored by budget regarding "One Belt, One Road" advocated by Mr. Xi Jinping, President of China;
(2) An idea of "Community of Shared Future (Word which translated Chinese '命运共同体' in English)" of the theme of meeting is an important pillar of Xi Jinping's idea;
(3) Although some worry recent Chinese diplomacy in East Asia as a threat, the present government attaches a great importance on the trilateral relationships in north-eastern Asia and will never become a threat for eastern Asia, as seen in the title of this meeting,
He stressed that, the present government successfully organized the 19th National People's Congress on October 24th prior to this meeting, has established a firm footing and ready to further improve the trilateral relationships in the future under the stable framework.

Two key note speeches were then delivered by Professor Zhang Xiaoming, School of International Relations, Beijing University, and Dr. Chu Jang-Min, Head of Environmental Policy Group, Korea Environment Institute (Chief Researcher, Division of Environmental Strategy). Main points included the necessity of regional social collaboration in north-eastern Asian Region, namely, theoretical and pragmatic analysis on the security issues regarding North Korea, and the historical relationships and collaboration in the fields of environment by the three countries. In the four following sessions fifteen speakers from China, South Korea Taiwan Mongolia and Japan delivered their experience and lessons in international collaboration from their broad range of study subjects including international relations, public policy, environment, anthropology (ethnology) and disaster. Theme of the sessions were as follows:
Session 1: "Constructing A Community of Shared Future in East Asia: Potentials and Challenges I"
Session 2: "Constructing A Community of Shared Future in East Asia: Potentials and Challenges II"
Session 3: "The Practice of Constructing a Community of Shared Future in East Asia I"
Session 4: "The Practice of Constructing a Community of Shared Future in East Asia II"

The session 1 and 2 aimed to share experiences and challenges while the session 3 and 4 were to draw knowledge from the practical case.  Mr. Ueda, researcher of ADRC, the first presenter of the session 3, reported the present status and challenges of international cooperation in disaster reduction, by highlighting the backgrounds Asian Disaster Reduction Center and activities so far, under the title of "Can Disaster Reduction Cooperation could leverage social reconciliation among China, Japan and South Korea?", and referred to the possibilities that the collaboration for "Disaster Risk Reduction" could facilitate trilateral social reconciliation among China, Japan and South Korea.

<2nd day, 5 November>
On the second day, a field trip was organized and the participants visited the Anji Ecological Museum, Liujiatang Village and Yu Village in Anji County, Zhejiang Province.

The Ecological Museum is the center working as a hub of the twelve museums for individual themes located wide in this region, which brings together history, culture and traditions in China; this region (Jiangnan region), adjacent to the southern area in Shandong Province can be said the Original China. Furthermore, Liujiatang Village and Yu Village, designated as environmental protection areas, are regarded as the frontrunners of the green policy under the slogan of "Green water and blue hill can be gold and silver mine. 《绿水青山就是金山银山》" advocated by Xi Jinping, after closing mines and shifting to manufacturing including bicycle assemblies and agricultural and forestry products processing. 

Liujiatang Village located on the riverside, has strived for improving water environment and promoted converting to flushing toilet in houses through early installation of septic tanks of combined treatment since the village has been designated as national environmental protection areas.

Yu Village has been revitalized to be an environmental conservation area by closing the mines and switching its industries to bicycle assembly and bamboo products. It is no exaggeration that these two villages are Xi Jinping's original sceneries, who was once the Secretary General of Communist Party in Zhejiang Provincial Government.

Participation in this meeting reminded me that "BOSAI (Disaster Risk Reduction)" doesn't only mean dealing with disaster including natural hazards but also relates t to socio-cultural implications. In this context, Asian Disaster Reduction Center could contribute further to the trilateral relationships, if we will have opportunities of exchanges in the future.
 (2017/11/4 19:30)

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