Manila, Philippines (November 17-18, 2016)
During the "Regional Knowledge Forum on Risk-informed Land Use Planning in the Context of Post-Disaster Recovery", which was organized by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 17-18 November 2016 in Manila, the IRP Secretariat was invited to send one recovery expert to share global experiences. The forum was attended by over 100 decision-makers and specialists with expertise in land use management, disaster risk management, and post-disaster recovery. The key speakers were from Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Myanmar, New Zealand, the Philippines, and Thailand who discussed how disaster risk related issues can be addressed through land use/spatial planning in the context of post-disaster recovery.
The forum recognized that large-scale disasters often result in changing spatial structures due to corresponding large-scale reconstruction activities. Hence, the recovery process that follows provide opportunities to address both the pre-existing spatial development related challenges as well as the new ones. Some actions that may be introduced to address the issues associated with land use and housing in the post-disaster phase, may include: (i) introducing new land use strategies; (ii) regulating and providing incentives to rebuild away from hazard-prone areas; (iii) proposing new spatial growth models that factor in changing hazard patterns; (iv) addressing issues related to land title and rights; (v) adopting participatory approaches towards rebuilding thereby improving social cohesion; and (vi) undertaking a combination of structural and nonstructural investments to manage future disaster risk.
The forum covered three thematic sessions, where key messages and recommended actions were presented. The first session dealt with recovery policies, wherein policy actions may be focused on addressing the challenges related to the availability of land, risk information, local capacity, finances, and in meeting the speed required to implement activities on the ground. The second session dealt with the horizontal and vertical coordination issues, especially between national and local governments. The suggestion that came up from this session was to revisit and address the underlying causes of disaster risk. Adoption of a system-wide approach (such as focusing on watersheds) and design recovery measures that strengthens vertical and horizontal linkages may help contribute in addressing the issue. The final session dealt with good practices and innovative tools. It is in this session that IRP shared some of the international experiences. The recommendations from IRP included: reviewing past disaster experiences by specifically performing "failure analysis" and "build back better"; selecting from "menu of options" of strategies and actions from global experiences to address recovery issues and challenges - including land use and housing issues; and conducting pre-disaster recovery planning (pre-event research, pre-agreements) to help hasten the effectiveness of land use planning in post-disaster context (i.e. strengthening institutional arrangements, policies, laws, and programs).
New Delhi, India (November 4, 2016)
The International Recovery Platform, where ADRC is pioneering member, coordinated a thematic session at the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, 3-5 November 2016 in New Delhi, India. The session was entitled "Strategies and Actions on Build Back Better" held on 4 November 2016, 13:00-14:30, Hall 6 at Vigyan Bhawan. Six high-level speakers of the session shared their respective experiences and lessons relative to: (i) policies and strategies, (ii) institutional arrangements, (iii) financing mechanisms, and (iv) implementation arrangements and recovery management - the key elements relevant to build back better. About 150 individuals participated in the session, where each speaker outlined key strategies and actions for build back better ranging from the areas of governance, gender, pre-investment, social inclusion, and sustainable development.
H.E. Vongthep Arthakaivalvatee, Deputy Secretary-General ASEAN Secretariat, reported that ASEAN is setting forward a regional policy on build back better based on the recovery and reconstruction component of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER). The regional policy sets forth the process and the timeframe for assessment, recovery plan formulation, resource mobilization, coordination, and transition of recovery plan to development plan so that member states are guided. With the AADMER in place, member states are about to improve safer structural and non-structural measures during reconstruction. Other specific examples of regional efforts include Tripartite Core Group partnership in recovery from cyclone Nargis in Myanmar as well as development of guides such as the Recovery Toolbox and the Disaster Recovery Reference Guide.
Mr. Sushil Gyewali, Chief Operating Officer of National Reconstruction Authority of Nepal, shared the key challenges of the Post-Disaster Recovery Framework 2016-2020. In terms of policies, the challenges include managing political interests, community expectations, compliance to build back better principle, and operations of the new National Reconstruction Authority that adopts a new perspective but with old team. In terms of institutional arrangement, the challenges are institution building against the pressure of delivery as well as the capacity to deliver reconstruction that complements national resources with international expertise. In terms of financing mechanism, the challenges include ensuring international commitment, financing, and realistic recovery planning and implementation. In terms of recovery management, a robust and decentralized reconstruction coordination and implementation mechanism was designed and instituted as well as engaging community.
Mr. Austere Panadero, Undersecretary at the Department of the Interior and Local Government of the Philippines, highlighted the key initiatives that help address the gaps in DRR and recovery efforts. In terms of policies, land use plan is the 'mother' of all plans and the basis for 'build back better' at the local/community level. Additionally, hazard-proofing of public investments is advocated through planning-programming-budgeting linkages as well as better DRRM-CCA informed criteria for project development and evaluation. In terms of institutional arrangements, the barangay-level or village-level DRRM-CCA baseline information is being generated locally and communities are strengthened through capacity building activities down to the household levels. In terms of financing mechanisms, initiatives such as Climate Change Expenditure Tagging (CCET) and the Seal of Good Local Governance through disaster preparedness audits are put in place. Finally, in terms of recovery management, a seamlessness of local development plans such as those drawn from Typhoon Haiyan experience in the Visayas and the "whole-of-government" approach under NDRRMC-OCD are among the many examples of tried and tested implementation arrangements.
Prof. Vinod Menon, Senior Advisor Caritas India, pointed that community-centered policies are essential. He introduced the "Community-Centered Risk Management" Framework for build back better, emphasizing inclusive recovery with special attention to the weak and marginalized groups. The framework was presented to be one of the solutions to address existing policy gaps as it facilitates: (i) coherence and convergence of policies relative to DRR, CCA, and SDGs; (ii) inclusion of the weaker sections of society as the hallmark of all recovery strategies; and (iii) support for resilience building of communities affected by ethnic conflicts, atrocities against vulnerable sections, violence and complex emergencies.
Mr. Achyut Luitel, Director of Practical Action Nepal, introduced the South Asian Disaster Report 2016, which outlines 12 recommendations for build back better in Nepal, namely: (1) promote multi-tier, multi-stakeholder policy directions; (2) harmonization and standardization of policy, legislative, and regulatory instruments; (3) ensure institutional demarcation for phase-out planning and implementation; (4) holding institutions accountable for addressing DRR in development interventions; (5) focus on vulnerable within vulnerable; (6) enable the potential and capacity of women as decision-makers; (7) make housing reconstruction owner-driven; (8) make schools safe for children; (9) building on local solutions; (10) move from cash transfer to risk transfer; (11) rebuilding micro and small enterprises; and (12) building disaster risk-informed development for resilience.
Ms. Shaila Shahid, Team Leader Gender and Water Alliance Bangladesh, highlighted two policy actions, namely: (i) inclusion/awareness raising, where in the case of Bangladesh, actions such as participation of women in disaster management councils and local government, volunteerism, and representation in the management bodies are promoted; and (ii) capacity building focusing on understanding gender, identifying social relations between men and women, and how these relationships are socially constructed to encourage leadership role.
After active discussions, Mr. Stefan Kohler of UNOPS and chair of the session offered the summary. First, recovery phase is an opportunity to build back better, which is essential to reduce vulnerability and make the development gains more sustainable. It can be more successful of done with inclusion of the weak and marginalized. Second, pre-investment is an important element for build back better to ensure development continuity, such as promoting risk-informed land use planning. Third, awareness, knowledge, and capacity such as in reference to gender and marginalized groups are essential in facilitating effective preparation to build back better in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction Finally, build back better in recovery is a large-scale institutional and technical effort, which requires all the stakeholders--government, civil societies, and private sector --to collaborate and work together such as the whole-of-government approach of the Philippines.
24-26 October 2016 (Cebu City, Philippines)
ADRC participated in the 11th Integrated Workshop of Typhoon Committee (TC) which was jointly organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), World Meteorological Organization (WMO) TC Secretariat in collaboration with the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and the Local Organizing Committee of Cebu at Waterfront Cebu Hotel on October 24-26, 2016.
ADRC represented by Mr. Kazuhito Ueda attended the workshop during its Breakout Session on Disaster Risk Reduction in the second day and presented the member's report in the morning and discussed on the progress of the Annual Operation Plan (AOP) by the Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (WGDRR) as well as its initiatives and budgets towards the following year.
The member's report covered the disaster overview focusing on typhoons in 2016, the progress of projects related Typhoon Committee and the initiatives on Disaster Reduction by 10 member-countries including the People's Republic of China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, Japan, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Kingdom of Thailand, the Republic of Korea, the United States of America and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Mr. Ueda explained the characteristics of typhoons that landed Japan this year and reported on the enormous damage these had brought to areas that have not frequently been hit by typhoon such as Kanto, Tohoku regions and Hokkaido from the Pacific side. Further, he suggested on the need to accumulate the contents of these disasters' characteristics and damages as the analyzable dataset.
During the consultation about the AOP in the afternoon, a useful report was made regarding the 4th project of the year 2016 entitled, "Benefit Evaluation of Typhoon Disaster Prevention and Preparedness" of which China has become the implementing country. In the report, a Chinese Representative stressed that reducing typhoon track forecast error could lead to a reduction of considerable economic losses.
Although the stay was quite brief, the flow of the activities was unbelievably smooth and the travel was comfortable thanks to the support by the Local Organizing Committee. Finally, ADRC would like to express its sincere appreciation for everyone's effort which contributed to the success of this conference.
19-22 September 2016 (Beijing, China)
The 6th Annual UN-SPIDER Conference, jointly organized by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China, was held in Beijing on 19-21 September 2016. The event gathered about 130 participants, including representatives of Space Agencies and Disaster Management Organizations from 35 countries, who visited relevant organizations as part of the three-day program.
<First Day: 19th September>
The key officials at the inauguration included: Mr. Benjie Yin (Deputy Director, General Office of China National Commission on Disaster Reduction) who delivered the opening remarks; Ms. Mei Chai (Deputy Director-General, Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Civil Affairs) who served as moderator; and Dr. Shirish Ravan (Secretary-General, UN-SPIDER Beijing Office) who provided an overview of sessions to be covered in the three-day program.
The sessions of the first day were "Building on UN-SPIDER 10 Years' Achievements" and "Risk Assessment and Mapping Using Earth Observation Data". There was presentation prior to each of these topics' discussions. In second session for instance, the value of radar sensing on satellite technology was highly evaluated, and the accuracy of drought prediction was discussed, which needs to be improved through observation and data accumulation.
<Second Day: 20th September>
The morning sessions of the second day were "Access to Data and Information for Risk Assessment" and "National Spatial Data Infrastructure and Data Framework to Support Disaster Management". The morning sessions highlighted the contribution of satellite data for flood and drought monitoring and prediction. Hence, initiatives such as the introduction of "GAOFEN", with series of high resolution earth observation satellite system in China, needs to be effectively promoted.
In the afternoon, three breakout sessions were organized, namely: "Monitoring indicators against the global targets of the Sendai Framework", "Procedural guidelines for sharing space-based information during emergency response", and "Crowd-source Mapping for risk assessment and emergency response". ADRC representative participated in the second breakout session, and reported the importance of proactive participation in learning events and capacity building enhancement in each country to facilitate sharing of space-based information.
<Third Day: 21th September>
The morning session of the third day was about "Networking and Engagement with the UN-SPIDER Network", where reports from Regional Support Offices (RSOs), including ADRC, as well as country reports were presented. In the afternoon, two separate site visits were organized - one group visiting the National Disaster Reduction Center of China (NDRCC) and the other group visiting the Yungang Satellite Earth Station. ADRC representative joined the first group that also visited the UN-SPIDER Beijing Office.
After the conference, the ADRC representative took the opportunity to visit his colleague of the NDRCC in the morning (9:30 - 11:00) of following day to discuss further strengthening of ADRC-NDRCC cooperation. She is the former ADRC Visiting Researcher(FY 2007) and is currently Director of Data Center, Satellite Application Center for Disaster Reduction at NDRCC.
In the afternoon (12:30 - 14:00) of the same day, a visit to the Executive Director of the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) was also made to explore ways for collaboration and cooperation in improving collection of information.
Participation in this conference has helped to strengthen ADRC organizational networks with relevant countries and organizations as well as build wider human relations.
ADRC participated in the 11th Meeting of Typhoon Committee(TC) Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction(WGDRR) which was jointly organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) TC Secretariat and the National Disaster Management Research Institute(NDMI) of the Republic of Korea in Ulsan on 24-27 May 2016.
The meeting was attended by 40 persons including representatives of China, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions of China, as well as advisors of the Working Group of Meteorology(WGM) and the Working Group of Hydrology(WGH); and was held four days as follows;
<First day: 24th May>
Keynote presentations were delivered by the TC secretariat and the experts from WMO and UNESCAP, who have served as advisors for many years on the ongoing implementation (SSOP-II) of Synergized Standard Operating Procedure (SSOP) for Coastal Multi-Hazard Early Warning System and the Strategic Plans of TC, followed by discussion.
<Second day: 25th May>
Two parallel meetings took place; A country report meeting by the member countries of TC, and another meeting of Advisory Working Group (AWG) by advisors of WMO, UNESCAP, WGM and WGH.
In the country report meeting, participant countries presented the reports on recent disasters that occurred in each country, and the initiatives to build disaster information system that facilitates information collection, reporting and provision.
ADRC made a presentation about recent disasters in Japan by focusing on the efforts in Hyogo prefecture on the evacuation warning of sediment disaster caused by typhoon and heavy rain. ADRC reported also about the Asian Conference on Disaster Reduction 2016, and basic information of the Kumamoto Earthquake that had occurred in April.
<Third day: 26th May>
In the morning, Chair, NDMI first briefed about reconsideration of 7 Key Result Areas (KRAs), and explained the future Annual Operating Plans (AOPs) and its budget in WGDRR based on the recognition that DRR is the Cross-Cutting Issue, followed by discussion.
In the afternoon, a site visit was organized and conference participants visited a shipyard and an automobile manufacturing plant of the Hyundai Group based in this venue, Ulsan, which is carrying on business worldwide.
<Fourth day: 27th May>
TC Secretariat summarized this WGDRR and participants agreed to continue discussion intensively on the reconsideration of AOPs, and so on, preparing for the Integrated Work Shop, which will be held in the Philippines in October.
Putrajaya, Malaysia (May 17-18, 2016)
Responding to a formal request from the Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) that leads a network of six universities for a research on disaster risk reduction, with special emphasis on flood management, the International Recovery Platform/Asian Disaster Reduction Center (IRP/ADRC) facilitated a two-day orientation workshop on Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning (PDRP). The workshop was held on 17-18 May 2016 at the Systems and Network Department, UNITEN Campus, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
The academic network comprising the Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), the Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), the Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), and the Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) requested the orientation-workshop to: (i) gain greater understanding of build-back-better through pre-disaster recovery planning for flood as well as the possibility of integrating this concept in the academic courses; (ii) enhance the capacities of faculty members to train other lecturers, students, and practitioners on build back better through pre-disaster recovery planning, and (iii) explore the application of PDRP to achieve a more effective flood management.
About 35 academic professors, lecturers, and officials from the National Government participated the workshop - including representation from all members of the academic network, the Malaysia Civil Defence Department (JPAM), the Ministry of Education (KPM), Fire and Rescue Department (JBP), District of Kemaman, and Mercy Malaysia. Two keynote speeches were delivered to set the tone of the workshop. The first speech was delivered by Mr. Rosman Roslan, District of Officer of Kemaman, Terengganu, highlighting the district's initiative on pre-disaster recovery planning for flood. In particular, the district officer described how Kemaman facilitated the pre-arrangements with hotels and hospitals in case of floods. The second speech was delivered by Mr. Saiful Effendi of the Ministry of Education, where he described the proposed guidelines on disaster risk reduction for public schools. The group exercises of participants came up with two outputs. One was a checklist for pre-disaster recovery planning for Malaysia and the other was a set of strategies and actions for livelihoods recovery.
As for the next steps, the participants agreed to continue the discussions, either physically or virtually. Among the recommended follow-up actions were: (i) documentation of Kemaman flood recovery case and share the report to IRP/ADRC; (ii) review the IRP/ADRC materials on pre-disaster recovery planning and proposed possible module/syllabus for inclusion in academic course; and (iii) production of knowledge products on disaster recovery for flood, including handbooks designed for practitioners and policymakers. The academic network for flood management research in Malaysia is closely working with the Majlis Keselamatan Negara (National Security Council), the Meteorological Department and Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID), the Kemaman Land and District Office, and the Ministry of Higher Education.
Upon request of the Manila Observatory, and in collaboration with the SM Prime Property Company and the Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PDRF), the International Recovery Platform/Asian Disaster Reduction Center (IRP/ADRC) facilitated an orientation workshop on pre-disaster recovery planning (PDRP), 29 April 2016 at the Asian Institute of Management, Makati City, Philippines. The event gathered about 90 recovery decision-makers, planners, and implementers from public and private sectors, including civil society, scientific community, academe, media, and representatives of local communities to learn the essence of pre-disaster recovery planning. The composition of participants was diverse to effectively simulate the PDRP exercise and to facilitate complementarity of recovery support functions.
The workshop explored various approaches of formulating a PDRP based on existing tools and experiences, including strategies, actions, and case studies from global experiences and highlighting Japan's pre-disaster recovery agreements as observed during the recovery from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 1995, the Great East Japan Earthquake 2011, and the Kumamoto Earthquake 2016. The importance of the PDRP was emphasized by prominent speakers, namely: Ms. Antonia Loyzaga of the Manila Observatory, Ms. Liza Silerio of the SM Prime, Mr. Guillermo Luz of the PDRF, Gen. Alexander Pama of the Office of Civil Defense, and Ms. Remedios Endencia of the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA). The speakers generally recognized that PDRP is essential because all governments and communities face similar organizational and policy issues in a disaster recovery (e.g. governance, financial management, effective operations, redevelopment standards, infrastructure, transportation, health, and livelihoods), so it pays to plan in advance. Firstly, it increases the "speed" of recovery when all stakeholders (i.e. multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary, and inter-ministerial/departmental) plan in advance. It facilitates coordinated planning and implementation that minimizes uncertainties, overlaps, and bottlenecks. Secondly, it builds stronger relationship among all stakeholders that limits poor decision taken under post-disaster stress. It prepares stakeholders' full participation in recovery - making it easy to engage and reach a risk-informed decision. Finally, it establishes beforehand the modalities for financing recovery process, including pre-agreements and contracting services.
Using the Metro Manila earthquake scenario shared by Dr. Renato Solidum of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs), the workshop came up with two main outputs. One was a Checklist for Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning and the other was a Template on Pre-Agreement for Disaster Recovery. As way forward, the participants agreed to scale up discussions on PDRP with National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) and explore the options for pre-agreements in disaster recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.
The project adopted this year, the seventh year since the beginning, is a cooperative project titled "Nationwide Promotion of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction" undertaken by the government of Philippines in collaboration with ADRC.
The reviewer team visited Manila 20-22 March , examined the progress of the cooperative project and provided their advice on it.
The theme of the review in Philippines include drawing up of education materials and awareness raising activities. The purpose of the cooperative project under the review is effective awareness raising of the SFDRR targeting those responsible for disaster reduction in the national and sub-national governments and in the private sector.
For this purpose, ADRC requested two peer reviewers to visit Philippines : Dr. Satoru Nishikawa, Executive Director of Research, Japan Center for Area Development Research, Japan , former Executive Director of ADRC, who has been deeply involved in the development of SFDRR, Dr. Raditya DJati, Deputy Director for Disaster Prevention, National Disaster Management Authority BNPB, Indonesia. Mr. Kazuhito Ueda, ADRC Researcher joined the mission as well from ADRC.
The reviewer team, together with the Office of Civil Defense in Philippines as the counterpart, organized a workshop on 21st March in Manila, targeting officials from the relevant government organizations and shared and discussed lessons learnt from the disasters in Japan that had facilitated elaborating SFDRR, key elements for the effective promotion of dissemination, and disasters and challenges facing Indonesia and policies adapted to them to promote SFDRR.
Office of Civil Defense in Philippines presented their idea of designing the awareness raising material including brochure and poster, and the country report used as the background material, on which the reviewers gave their comments and advices.
This project aims to provide a mutual learning process among ADRC member countries so that peer reviewer countries as well as the reviewed country could learn with each other throughout the peer review process. The reviewer team will submit a report to the reviewed country and .Philippines will then provide a final report that will be shared with ADRC member countries.
ADRC would like to express its sincerest gratitude to all of those who have made important contributions to this project.