ADRC participated in the 11th Meeting of Typhoon Committee(TC) Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction(WGDRR) which was jointly organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) TC Secretariat and the National Disaster Management Research Institute(NDMI) of the Republic of Korea in Ulsan on 24-27 May 2016.
The meeting was attended by 40 persons including representatives of China, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions of China, as well as advisors of the Working Group of Meteorology(WGM) and the Working Group of Hydrology(WGH); and was held four days as follows;
<First day: 24th May>
Keynote presentations were delivered by the TC secretariat and the experts from WMO and UNESCAP, who have served as advisors for many years on the ongoing implementation (SSOP-II) of Synergized Standard Operating Procedure (SSOP) for Coastal Multi-Hazard Early Warning System and the Strategic Plans of TC, followed by discussion.
<Second day: 25th May>
Two parallel meetings took place; A country report meeting by the member countries of TC, and another meeting of Advisory Working Group (AWG) by advisors of WMO, UNESCAP, WGM and WGH.
In the country report meeting, participant countries presented the reports on recent disasters that occurred in each country, and the initiatives to build disaster information system that facilitates information collection, reporting and provision.
ADRC made a presentation about recent disasters in Japan by focusing on the efforts in Hyogo prefecture on the evacuation warning of sediment disaster caused by typhoon and heavy rain. ADRC reported also about the Asian Conference on Disaster Reduction 2016, and basic information of the Kumamoto Earthquake that had occurred in April.
<Third day: 26th May>
In the morning, Chair, NDMI first briefed about reconsideration of 7 Key Result Areas (KRAs), and explained the future Annual Operating Plans (AOPs) and its budget in WGDRR based on the recognition that DRR is the Cross-Cutting Issue, followed by discussion.
In the afternoon, a site visit was organized and conference participants visited a shipyard and an automobile manufacturing plant of the Hyundai Group based in this venue, Ulsan, which is carrying on business worldwide.
<Fourth day: 27th May>
TC Secretariat summarized this WGDRR and participants agreed to continue discussion intensively on the reconsideration of AOPs, and so on, preparing for the Integrated Work Shop, which will be held in the Philippines in October.
Putrajaya, Malaysia (May 17-18, 2016)
Responding to a formal request from the Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) that leads a network of six universities for a research on disaster risk reduction, with special emphasis on flood management, the International Recovery Platform/Asian Disaster Reduction Center (IRP/ADRC) facilitated a two-day orientation workshop on Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning (PDRP). The workshop was held on 17-18 May 2016 at the Systems and Network Department, UNITEN Campus, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
The academic network comprising the Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), the Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), the Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), and the Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) requested the orientation-workshop to: (i) gain greater understanding of build-back-better through pre-disaster recovery planning for flood as well as the possibility of integrating this concept in the academic courses; (ii) enhance the capacities of faculty members to train other lecturers, students, and practitioners on build back better through pre-disaster recovery planning, and (iii) explore the application of PDRP to achieve a more effective flood management.
About 35 academic professors, lecturers, and officials from the National Government participated the workshop - including representation from all members of the academic network, the Malaysia Civil Defence Department (JPAM), the Ministry of Education (KPM), Fire and Rescue Department (JBP), District of Kemaman, and Mercy Malaysia. Two keynote speeches were delivered to set the tone of the workshop. The first speech was delivered by Mr. Rosman Roslan, District of Officer of Kemaman, Terengganu, highlighting the district's initiative on pre-disaster recovery planning for flood. In particular, the district officer described how Kemaman facilitated the pre-arrangements with hotels and hospitals in case of floods. The second speech was delivered by Mr. Saiful Effendi of the Ministry of Education, where he described the proposed guidelines on disaster risk reduction for public schools. The group exercises of participants came up with two outputs. One was a checklist for pre-disaster recovery planning for Malaysia and the other was a set of strategies and actions for livelihoods recovery.
As for the next steps, the participants agreed to continue the discussions, either physically or virtually. Among the recommended follow-up actions were: (i) documentation of Kemaman flood recovery case and share the report to IRP/ADRC; (ii) review the IRP/ADRC materials on pre-disaster recovery planning and proposed possible module/syllabus for inclusion in academic course; and (iii) production of knowledge products on disaster recovery for flood, including handbooks designed for practitioners and policymakers. The academic network for flood management research in Malaysia is closely working with the Majlis Keselamatan Negara (National Security Council), the Meteorological Department and Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID), the Kemaman Land and District Office, and the Ministry of Higher Education.
Upon request of the Manila Observatory, and in collaboration with the SM Prime Property Company and the Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PDRF), the International Recovery Platform/Asian Disaster Reduction Center (IRP/ADRC) facilitated an orientation workshop on pre-disaster recovery planning (PDRP), 29 April 2016 at the Asian Institute of Management, Makati City, Philippines. The event gathered about 90 recovery decision-makers, planners, and implementers from public and private sectors, including civil society, scientific community, academe, media, and representatives of local communities to learn the essence of pre-disaster recovery planning. The composition of participants was diverse to effectively simulate the PDRP exercise and to facilitate complementarity of recovery support functions.
The workshop explored various approaches of formulating a PDRP based on existing tools and experiences, including strategies, actions, and case studies from global experiences and highlighting Japan's pre-disaster recovery agreements as observed during the recovery from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 1995, the Great East Japan Earthquake 2011, and the Kumamoto Earthquake 2016. The importance of the PDRP was emphasized by prominent speakers, namely: Ms. Antonia Loyzaga of the Manila Observatory, Ms. Liza Silerio of the SM Prime, Mr. Guillermo Luz of the PDRF, Gen. Alexander Pama of the Office of Civil Defense, and Ms. Remedios Endencia of the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA). The speakers generally recognized that PDRP is essential because all governments and communities face similar organizational and policy issues in a disaster recovery (e.g. governance, financial management, effective operations, redevelopment standards, infrastructure, transportation, health, and livelihoods), so it pays to plan in advance. Firstly, it increases the "speed" of recovery when all stakeholders (i.e. multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary, and inter-ministerial/departmental) plan in advance. It facilitates coordinated planning and implementation that minimizes uncertainties, overlaps, and bottlenecks. Secondly, it builds stronger relationship among all stakeholders that limits poor decision taken under post-disaster stress. It prepares stakeholders' full participation in recovery - making it easy to engage and reach a risk-informed decision. Finally, it establishes beforehand the modalities for financing recovery process, including pre-agreements and contracting services.
Using the Metro Manila earthquake scenario shared by Dr. Renato Solidum of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs), the workshop came up with two main outputs. One was a Checklist for Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning and the other was a Template on Pre-Agreement for Disaster Recovery. As way forward, the participants agreed to scale up discussions on PDRP with National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) and explore the options for pre-agreements in disaster recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.
The project adopted this year, the seventh year since the beginning, is a cooperative project titled "Nationwide Promotion of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction" undertaken by the government of Philippines in collaboration with ADRC.
The reviewer team visited Manila 20-22 March , examined the progress of the cooperative project and provided their advice on it.
The theme of the review in Philippines include drawing up of education materials and awareness raising activities. The purpose of the cooperative project under the review is effective awareness raising of the SFDRR targeting those responsible for disaster reduction in the national and sub-national governments and in the private sector.
For this purpose, ADRC requested two peer reviewers to visit Philippines : Dr. Satoru Nishikawa, Executive Director of Research, Japan Center for Area Development Research, Japan , former Executive Director of ADRC, who has been deeply involved in the development of SFDRR, Dr. Raditya DJati, Deputy Director for Disaster Prevention, National Disaster Management Authority BNPB, Indonesia. Mr. Kazuhito Ueda, ADRC Researcher joined the mission as well from ADRC.
The reviewer team, together with the Office of Civil Defense in Philippines as the counterpart, organized a workshop on 21st March in Manila, targeting officials from the relevant government organizations and shared and discussed lessons learnt from the disasters in Japan that had facilitated elaborating SFDRR, key elements for the effective promotion of dissemination, and disasters and challenges facing Indonesia and policies adapted to them to promote SFDRR.
Office of Civil Defense in Philippines presented their idea of designing the awareness raising material including brochure and poster, and the country report used as the background material, on which the reviewers gave their comments and advices.
This project aims to provide a mutual learning process among ADRC member countries so that peer reviewer countries as well as the reviewed country could learn with each other throughout the peer review process. The reviewer team will submit a report to the reviewed country and .Philippines will then provide a final report that will be shared with ADRC member countries.
ADRC would like to express its sincerest gratitude to all of those who have made important contributions to this project.
Before opening, participants dedicated one minute silence for the victims of Kaohsiung Earthquake on February 6th, 2016, in Taiwan as well as those by the other natural disasters since the last EPWG meeting last year. The meeting was opened by welcoming remarks by General A.Murgueytio, Institutional Chief of the National Institute of Civil Defense, INDIECI, Peru followed by opening remarks by two newly elected co-chairs, one from Viet num and another from Japan, ED of ADRC. The focus of the meeting was placed first on the draft 2016 work plan that was agreed on the second day, and then draft action plan to implement APEC disaster Risk Reduction Framework(DRRF) that had been endorsed last October by SDMOF and adopted by APEC Economic Leaders to facilitate collective work in building adaptive and disaster-resilient economies facing increasing frequency, magnitude and scope of natural disasters. The meeting reviewed also the Intersessional works undertaken in 2015 and discussed diverse cross fora activities. On 29 February 2016, the annual meeting of the SOM Steering Committee on ECOTECH Committee of the Whole (SCE-COW) was held in Lima as well.