pagetop
Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
TOP PAGE > Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

JapanJapan

General Information

Japan Formal Name: Japan
Japan is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. Total land area is about 378,000 square kilometers. More than 70 percent of land surface is mountainous. As it is situated along the circum-Pacific volcanic belt, Japan has several volcanic regions and frequently affected by earthquakes and Tsunami. A major feature of Japan’s climate is the clear-cut temperature changes between the four seasons. In spite of its rather small area, the climate differs in regions from a subarctic climate to a subtropical climate. The side of the country which faces the Sea of Japan has a climate with much snow in winter by seasonal winds from the Siberia. Most of the areas have damp rainy season from May to July by the seasonal winds from the Pacific Ocean. From July to September, Japan frequently suffers from Typhoon.
The capital is Tokyo. Total population is about 127.77 million.

Overview of Disasters

Japan is affected by Typhoon mostly every year and Volcanic disasters triggered by eruption and volcanic earthquake. Japan is earthquake prone area due to the geological formation with plate boundaries of the Pacific plate, the Philippine Sea plate, the Eurasian plate, and the North American plate.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

In order to applying to all of the disaster phases of prevention, mitigation and preparedness, emergency response as well as recovery and rehabilitation, relevant laws and regulations were enacted. They include DisasterCountermeasuresBasicAct (1961), Erosion Control Act (1897), Disaster Relief Act (1947), Building Standard Law (1950), Landslide Prevention Act (1958), River Act (1964), and Act on Special Measures for Large-scale Earthquakes (1978). Detailed information is referred in the brochure DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN JAPAN (pp.4-6) (pdf 31.1MB).

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here Under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act, the Central Disaster Management Council was formed, its brief being to ensure the comprehensiveness of disaster risk management and to discuss matters of importance with regard to disaster management. The council consists of the Prime Minister, who is the chairperson, Minister of State for Disaster Management, all ministers, heads of major public institutions and experts.
Within the Cabinet Office, which is the secretariat for this Council, the Minister of State for Disaster Management has been assigned as the Minister State for Special Missions for this issue. This Minister is assisted by the department of the Cabinet Office Director-General for Disaster Management his mandate being to handle planning and central coordination with regard to matters relating to basic policy on disaster risk reduction, and matters concerning disaster countermeasures in the event of a large-scale disaster.
In prefectures and local municipalities, the prefectural and municipal Disaster Management Councils are established with the members of representatives of local government organizations including police and fire management department, and designated local public corporations. Implementation of disaster risk management measures is based on the Local Disaster Management Plans drafted by the Councils.

Plan

Basic Disaster Management Plan is the master plan and a basis for disaster reduction activities in Japan. Disaster Management Operation Plan is a plan made by each designated government organization and designated public corporation, and Local Disaster Management Plan is a plan made by each prefectural and municipal disaster management council, based on the Basic Disaster Management Plan.
Basic Disaster Management Plan is prepared by the Central Disaster Management Council in accordance with Article 34 of the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act. The plan clarifies the duties assigned to the Government, public corporations and the local government in implementing measures. For easy reference to countermeasures, the plan also describes the sequence of disaster countermeasures such as preparation, emergency response, recovery and reconstruction according to the type of disaster.

ADRC Counterpart