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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
TOP PAGE > Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

MyanmarMyanmar

General Information

Myanmar Formal Name: Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Located in the west of Indochina Island, Myanmar borders Thailand, Lao, PDR, Bangladesh and India. Land area is about 680,000 square kilometers. It faces the bay of Bengali and the Indian Ocean. Indo-Australia Plate and Eurasia Plate cause earthquake.
The capital is Naypyitaw. It has 56.52 million(2006-2007) population. 70 percent of the population is Bamar, while others are various national races.

Overview of Disasters

Fire, floods, cyclone are the frequent disasters.

Recent Major Disasters

Cyclone Nargis (May 2008)

Cyclone Nargis hit Myanmar in May 2008 which killed 84,537, with the missing 53,836, injured 19,359. 450,000 houses were destroyed, with other 350,000 damaged. Total affected people were 2.4 million. Total economic loss was US$ 4.1 billion (according to Post-Nargis Joint Assessment- PONJA).

Indian Ocean Tsunami (December 2004)

Indian Ocean Tsunami occurred off the Sumatra Island on 26 December 2006 killed 61, injured 42, affected 2,592 and destroyed 601 houses in Myanmar.

Flood (July 1991)

Torrential rains started on 13 July 1991 caused flood in the northern Myanmar which destroyed 74,740 houses and affected 360,000 people.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

The Disaster Management Law was enacted in 2013 and the Disaster Management Rules was prescribed in 2015. The Law was developed to be in line with Hyogo Framework for Action (2005-2015) and to comply with the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER). The Law focuses on risk information, preparedness, awareness and early warning, and data management for early warning systems.

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here The Disaster Management Law (2013) provides for the establishment of the National Disaster Management Committee (NDMC) chaired by the Vice-President 2. The Committee is the supreme agency on disaster risk management (policy level, decision making, formulating strategies and overall supervision). The twelve work committees related to the specific areas of DRM and an advisory committee have been set up under NDMC (See the chart on the right). State/region, district, township and village tract-level DM bodies had also been formed respectively.

Plan

The Myanmar Action Plan on Disaster Risk Reduction (MAPDRR) 2017 is a comprehensive and unified action plan for DRR with prioritized interventions across Myanmar till 2020. The vision of MAPDRR is to protect lives, economy, heritage and environment through an inclusive approach towards sustainable development in Myanmar. With a long-term vision and considering deep-rooted underlying drivers of disaster risk, it has been set an overall target for 2030. It aims to provide a base for mobilizing and leveraging, primarily, national and external resources and will provide a basis for result printed outcomes.

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