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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

IndonesiaIndonesia

General Information

Indonesia Formal Name: Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia consists of 17,500 islands between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia has a land of 189 million square meters. Located in the middle of the Australian plate, Eurasian plate, Pacific plate and the Philippine Sea plate, Indonesia is a seismic and volcanic-prone area. The climate is tropical humid. In the high altitude area, climate is warm and moderate.
The capital is Jakarta. Of the 9.14 million people, the Malay is the majority.

Overview of Disasters

Indonesia suffers from floods, landslides, droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes, forest fires. In particular, floods and earthquakes are the most frequent disasters.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

Disaster Management Law No. 24 was enacted in April 2007.

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (National Disaster Management Agency, BNPB) was established in 2008. BNPB consists of the president of the BNPB, the Management and Operational Committee, and the Policy Implementation Agency.
Being composed of ten ministries (Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Public Works, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resourcess, Police and Armed Forces) and other nine experts, the Management and Operational Committee is in charge of advisory and consultation with the BNPB's president.
The Policy Implementation Agency is in charge of increasing preparedness, emergency response, and relief and reconstruction.
Also, the Indonesian Government is planning to establish the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD). In November 2008, National Platform was established to expand the cooperation among sectors.

Plan

National Action Plan for Disaster Management 2006–2009 was formulated.

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