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Turkey: Earthquake: 1999/11/12 Country Information on DRR

Period 1999/11/12
Country or District Turkey
Event Type Earthquake
Outline Great earthquake occured in North West part of Turkey on 12th Nov. 16:57(GMT). At least 894 people were killed and 5,108 others injured (23/1/1999).The epicenter was Duzce, a township of Bolu, one of the provinces already affected by the 17 August earthquake. The earthquake was strongly felt across Western Turkey, including Ankara, which is geologically considered a safe area.
Human Impact Physical Impact Others
IFRC 2000/01/24
The number of the dead by 17 August earthquake is 17,100, and the injured is 44,000.
The number of the dead by 12 November earthquake is 845, and the injured is 4,948.
Total:the dead 17,945 the injured 48,948
The number of collapsed homes/businesses by 17 August eartquake is 77,300, and damaged is 244,500.
The number of damaged homes/businesses by 12 November eartquake is 15,389, and damaged is 26,529.
Total:collapsed 92,689 damaged 271,029
OCHA Situation Report No. 13 1999/11/26
The number of fatalities had increased to 759, while the number of injured remained unchanged at 4,948.
1,342 buildings have to be demolished urgently, in addition to which there are 5,868 housing units and 1,025 commercial premises which are heavily damaged or destroyed.
OCHA Situation Report No.9 1999/11/22
In Duzce, the State hospital was badly damaged by the earthquake and temporary tents/containers provide most of the outpatient facilities.
In Bolu, the three hospitals were severely damaged and are considered unsafe. Temporary facilities have been set up in tents provided by the Army and the Spanish Red Cross and serious/surgical cases are referred to Ankara.
UNICEF reported about their assessment regarding education. 11 schools out of 20 are unusable in Kaynasli. The will set up 50 large tents in the next few weeks in order for children to go to school.

IFRC 1999/12/10
Casualty figures from the November earth-quake now stand at 808 confirmed dead and 4,948 injured. Some 8,390 houses and 1,519 businesses are heavily or moderately damaged. More than 2,085 buildings are due for demolition, in addition to some 900 that collapsed.
OCHA Situation Report No.2 1999/11/13
The total affected population is estimated at 80,000 or some 17,000 families. It is to be noted, however, that the figure includes a tent population of approximately 14,000 resulting from the August earthquake. First the earthquake, and then the landslide triggered by it, caused severe damage also to the highway system in the region. The Ankara-Istanbul expressway, the main artery to the affected area, is only partly operational Saturday morning because of cracks as large as 7 m wide and 8 m deep around Bolu.
OCHA Situation Report No.12 1999/11/25
As of 24 November 1999, 08.00 hrs, the Prime Minister's Crisis Management Centre (PMCMC) reported that the number of fatalities had reached 749 and the number of injured 4,948. The total number of tents, including these set up following the 17 August earthquake, is 32,155: 21,143 in Duzce, 7,712 in Bolu and 3,300 in Kaynasli. The water treatment plant in Duzce is working at 50% capacity. The water network in Duzce is being inspected for leakage.
Nine children were reported to be infected by measles in Golcuk. The Health Department of Golcuk started a vaccination campaign for children under 14.
OCHA Situation Report No.11 1999/11/24
Dead: 719
Injured: 4,948 (includes people injured on 12 November in Kocaeli)
*As of 23 November 1999, the Prime Minister's Crisis Management Centre (PMCMC)
The initial damage assessment has yielded the following figures for buildings in the area:

Buildings that need to be demolished urgently:1,503
Collapsed or heavily damaged residential units: 4,858
Collapsed or heavily damaged commercials units:1.025
The impact of the earthquake on agriculture and forestry is not direct. However, both the availability of seeds and the marketing for the farmers have been negatively affected.
Production and manufacturing have suffered serious disruption and are at present running at about one fifth of their capacity. Construction activity has ceased almost entirely.
OCHA Situation Report No.10 1999/11/23
Dead: 710
Injured: 5,108
* As of 21 November, According to the Prime Minister's Crisis Management Centre (PMCMC)
The initial damage assessment has yielded the following figures for buildings in the area:

Collapsed: 976
Heavily damaged: 63
Medium damaged: 293
Lightly damaged:1,034
OCHA Situation Report No.6 1999/11/17
According to reports by the Prime Ministry Crisis Management Centre, the number of fatalities is 549 and of injured 3,299, as of 13.00 hrs 16 November 1999.
According to the military, there are 50,000 persons without adequate accommodation in the region.
Additional tent cities are being established. At the same time, families have started moving into prefabricated housing units. Additional sites for prefabricated housing and tent cities have been identified in Bolu, Duzce and Golyaka and work on infrastructure has started.
AFP 1999/11/16
More than 700 buildings were destroyed in the quake. About half of those destroyed -- 350 -- were in Duzce, a city of 80,000 inhabitants sitting over the temblor's epicenter.
OCHA Situation Report No.4 1999/11/15
The number of fatalities was 349 and injuries 2,386 as of 14.00 hrs, Sunday, 14 November 1999, according to the Prime Ministry Crisis Center.
In Duzce, the entire population of 76,000 is camping out, with 46,000 of already displaced by the 17 August tremors. In Kaynasli, UNICEF reports, some 12,000 people, inclusive of the rural periphery population, are also camping out.
Some 712 buildings have been demolished or suffered heavy damage with most serious physical damage concentrated in Duzce and Kaynasli, according to the Prime Ministry Crisis Centre.
The Istanbul - Duzce and Bolu - Ankara highways are open for traffic. However, the communication lines in Duzce are seriously damaged and are not operational.
In Duzce, the entire population of 76,000 is camping out, with 46,000 of already displaced by the 17 August tremors. In Kaynasli, UNICEF reports, some 12,000 people, inclusive of the rural periphery population, are also camping out.
BBC News 1999/11/15 15:24GMT
The official crisis centre says 452 people were killed and 2,385 injured in the powerful quake.
However hundreds of people are still unaccounted for and it is believed the death toll could be much higher because many families have buried their loved ones quickly according to Muslim tradition.
Transport Minister Enis Oksuz said the quake could cost Turkey's fragile economy $10bn - on top of the $12bn from August's disaster.
CNN News 1999/11/14 01:23(GMT)
Dead 374
Injured 2923
BBC News 1999/11/13 06:47(GMT)
More than 360 people have been killed, and some 1,800 injured. But with hundreds of people still unaccounted for, the government says it expects casualty figures to rise considerably.
BBC News 1999/11/12 18:50(GMT)
120 people have died and more than a thousand have been injured. Local people said some 30 buildings had collapsed.
The earthquake was followed by five aftershocks measuring more than five on the Richter scale, according to the Kandilli Seismic Institute in Istanbul.
CNN News 1999/11/12 16:26(GMT)
Though there was no official tally. At least 1,000 people were believed to have been injured.

Related Links


IFRC 2000/02/28

Reuters 2000/02/14

IFRC 2000/02/14

AFP 2000/02/13

European Investment Bank 2000/02/09
EUR 450 million EIB support for earthquake rehabilitation and reconstruction in Turkey

IFRC 2000/01/31

UNICEF 2000/01/25
At the start of 2000, an estimated 200,000 people were housed in approximately 130 tented camps and prefabricated cities in the affected areas. The Government of Turkey proposed three alternatives to meet the challenge of providing shelter to homeless populations: Provision of prefabricated houses for all affected families; a reconstruction subsidy of US$ 1,500 for families whose residences were lightly damaged; and allocation of a monthly rental subsidy of US$ 200 for each family moving to newly rented house.

IFRC 2000/01/24
To date, government officials have confirmed that some 30,000 prefabricated houses have been constructed throughout the entire affected areas. Meanwhile, the pressure on the remaining tent city population to move into prefabricated houses is increasing - though many fear the resulting loss of rent allowances and other benefits. Nevertheless, in the area hit by the August quake, tent cities are closing as people transfer to the prefabricated houses.

AFP 2000/01/23
The death toll from the massive earthquake which struck northwest Turkey last November has climbed to 894, the government crisis centre here said Sunday.

AFP 2000/01/02.
Homeless survivors of a massive earthquake in the northwestern Turkish province of Bolu woke up to snow on Sunday covering their make-shift tents.

UNICEF 1999/12/30
The Turkish authorities reported that 132,750 people were sheltered in 109 tented camps in the 4 affected provinces as of 28 December 1999. In comparison to previous figures provided by the Government, the number of people living in the tents has decreased from 156,645 to 132,740. This indicates that 23,905 people have moved either into prefabricated houses, opted to spend winter at a state guest-house, or found a solution of their own.

AFP 1999/12/29
The death toll from the massive earthquake which struck northwest Turkey last month has climbed to 843, the government crisis centre here said Wednesday.

AFP 1999/12/28
Strong winds and rains wreaked havoc in tent cities in quake-hit northwest Turkey overnight, blowing away the tents of hundreds of homeless survivors.Some 200 tents collapsed in the provinces of Bolu, Kocaeli and Sakarya as a violent southwester lashed the area with gusts up to 110 kilometres (68 miles) an hour.

AFP 1999/12/21
Japan will extend 23.6 billion yen (230 million dollars) in official loans to help Turkey rebuild after it suffered massive earthquakes in recent months.

IFRC 1999/12/17
The establishment of fully-fledged tent cities throughout the November quake zone continues, with 48,313 tents distributed - 25,942 by the Turkish Red Crescent Society (TRCS).

OCHA Situation Report No. 14 1999/12/14
There are 12,240 personnel, 2,251 construction machines, 21 helicopters, 4 rescue aircraft and 274 various vehicles working in the recovery operation in the area. As of 9 December 1999, there are 404 doctors, 321 nurses, 1,039 health personnel, 456 ambulances, 3 air-ambulances, 8 mobile hospitals and 31 mobile polyclinics active in the area.

IFRC 1999/12/10
On Friday 3 December an earthquake rated at 5.5 on the Richter scale hit the Erzurum region in north-eastern Turkey. To date, one person is reported dead and five injured. Early estimates indicate that at least 340 homes have been destroyed.

AFP 1999/12/03
The provisional toll from the earthquake that struck northwest Turkey on November 12 stood Friday at 800 dead, the government crisis centre here said.

AFP 1999/11/30
The provisional toll from the earthquake that struck northwest Turkey on November 12 stood Tuesday at 784 dead.

OCHA Situation Report No. 13 1999/11/26
In Bolu, 622 prefabricated houses, 2 prefabricated cafeteria buildings and 1 prefabricated school, with 8 classrooms, have been completed and 352 of the prefabricated houses constructed earlier have been made available to the earthquake victims.

OCHA Situation Report No.12 1999/11/25
Due to high demand on timber for shelter and fuel wood, the pressure on the forestry resources is increasing, which may lead to the partial destruction of forests.

OCHA Situation Report No.11 1999/11/24
The following relief items have been dispatched to the affected area: Tents 32,822 、Blankets 275,111、Beds 26,222、Sleeping bags 14,420、Heaters 10,187、Food (tons) 1,674.

AFP 1999/11/24
The provisional toll from the powerful earthquake that struck northwest Turkey on November 12 stood Wednesday at 749 dead and 4,948 injured.

OCHA Situation Report No.10 1999/11/23
Winterized tents (family size), sleeping bags, mattresses, blankets and stoves still urgently needed. A 200-tent city was opened on 21 November, over 100 families have moved in. A tent-city with 300 tents is under construction and will be completed within the next week. The tent cities include one tent per family, field kitchens, toilets, shower facilities and facilities for sport and social interaction.

OCHA Situation Report No.9 1999/11/22
The official figures on casualties are 696 dead and 4,726 injured. The Turkish Government has ordered 15,853 prefabricated houses. The Prime Minister's office in Ankara has launched a programme in which 16 Turkish cities are requested to each plan for, build and install 100 prefabricated houses in Duzce. Some cities have already started their assessment of the situation.

AFP 1999/11/19
At least 675 people were killed and 4,794 others injured in the powerful earthquake that struck northwestern Turkey a week ago, the government crisis center here said Friday.

OCHA Situation Report No. 8 1999/11/19
Winterized tents still remain the most pressing need. As not all tents provided so far are winterized, at least 22,000 winterized tents are urgently required in the area.

OCHA Situation Report No. 7 1999/11/18
The number of fatalities stood at 550 and of injured at 3,305. The number of buildings that have collapsed is 715. In addition to the 1,053 prefabricated housing units that have already allocated to the victims, work is underway to construct an additional 716 in three locations in Duzce and Kaynasli. Two tent cities are being established in Kaynasli to shelter 500 and 750 people respectively.

AFP 1999/11/18
Rescuers continued on Thursday to comb the ruins of two apartment blocks in the hope against hope of finding survivors six days after a massive earthquake hit the northwestern Turkish city.

Reuters 1999/11/17
Turkish rescuers pulled a man alive from the rubble Wednesday more than 100 hours after he was buried by last Friday's quake.

OCHA Situation Report No.6 1999/11/17
Winterized tents remain the top priority. Additional tent cities are being established. At the same time, families have started moving into prefabricated housing units, some 1,053 of which had recently been constructed to meet the shelter needs that arose from the Izmit Earthquake of 17 August. Additional sites for prefabricated housing and tent cities have been identified in Bolu, Duzce and Golyaka and work on infrastructure has started.

AFP 1999/11/16
The death toll from the earthquake that jolted northwestern Turkey last week rose to 547, with another 3,299 injured.

Reuters 1999/11/16
Foreign rescue teams began withdrawing Tuesday from the area of Turkey's second devastating earthquake in four months as hopes faded of finding any more survivors.

BBC News 1999/11/16 21:59GMT
The death toll keeps rising, with officials now saying that 547 people were killed and 3,300 injured. Several hundred people are still missing. With the cold weather further limiting the chances of survival for those still trapped underneath the rubble, several international rescue teams are pulling out.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 1999/11/16
The OSOCC convened another meeting on needs assessments. The Turkish Red Crescent who attended the meeting mentioned that two camps are being set up: one of 800 tents and one of 500 tents. Both camps will have portable toilets, kitchen facilities, and blankets. They will distribute shortly 650 tents and 5,000 blankets. They are also serving 6,000 meals per day. They are expecting five trucks with medical supplies, which will be distributed at the public hospitals.

Yahoo! News
Pictures of the Turkey Earthquake

OCHA Situation Report No.4 1999/11/15
Immediate needs concentrate in temporary shelter (tents and prefabs) and assorted requirements (blankets, sleeping bags, winter clothing, heaters, generators, torches, etc.). Temperature is forecast to fall to minus 5 degrees C in the disaster area at night.

CNN News 1999/11/15 19:45GMT
The quake left 452 dead and some 3,000 injured.

BBC News 1999/11/15 15:24GMT
US President Bill Clinton has pledged $1bn in credits to help Turkey rebuild. The government's response has been much faster than it was after August's quake. Some 4,000 Turkish soldiers have been mobilised, and emergency plans are already in place.

OCHA Situation Report No.3 1999/11/14
The Turkish Army has also established a Coordination Centre in Ducze at Jandarma building. Overall logistics and coordination is being provided by the military.

Reuters 1999/11/14
Turks buried their earthquake dead in line with Moslem rituals on Sunday as rescue workers scoured shattered buildings in a race against time to find survivors.

OCHA Situation Report No.2 1999/11/13
Since stoves and LPG heaters are widely used in the area, the earthquake led to numerous fires, which were hard to put out particularly in Duzce because the local fire extinguishing facilities themselves were damaged. Since authorities cut the power supply to the affected area immediately after the quake in an effort to avoid fire risk, electricity shortage poses a problem. In Duzce, surgical operations had to be conducted in the yard of the damaged hospital under the headlights of police cars.

OCHA Situation Report No.1 1999/11/13
Response to request for Search and Rescue Assistance is from Austria, France, Greece, Israel, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and USA.

CNN News 1999/11/14 01:23(GMT)
Turkish earthquake toll tops 370 dead, 2,900 injured.Seismologists warned that the country could be hit by more quakes, possibly closer to Istanbul, a city of 12 million people.

BBC News 1999/11/13 06:47(GMT)
Quake rescue enters second night

BBC News 1999/11/12 18:50(GMT)
Turkey quake toll rises

CNN News 1999/11/12 16:26(GMT)
Turkey reeling from latest deadly quake

Geographycal Data

Strong Ground Motion Working Group
Acceleration records of aftershocks (recorded by Earthquake Strong ground motion network of Turkey operated by Ministry of Public Works and Settlement)

USGS Information of Earthquake in Turkey, November 12, 1999
Map information of epicenter, scale, traveling time of p-wave

[ERI Emergency Relief Information]

OCHA Situation Report No. 8 1999/11/19
the following relief items and humanitarian personnel have been dispatched to operating in the affected area- Tents: 18,801 - Field kitchens: 71 - Portable showers & toilets: 336 - Blankets: 200,631 - Beds: 20,337 - Sleeping bags: 9,817 - Heaters: 4,940 - Food (tons): 593 - Doctors: 433 and so on.

OCHA Situation Report No. 13 1999/11/26
The Turkish Red Crescent, Armed Forces and others have deployed to Bolu 1 mobile polyclinic, 77 mobile kitchens, 19 mobile bathrooms, 1 laundry unit, 35,199 beds, 15,420 sleeping bags, 277,842 blankets, 11,330 stoves and 3,399 gas stoves. Food supplies provided to the area have amounted to 1,800 tons.

IFRC 1999/12/10
The number of usable winterised tents delivered to Turkey by the Red Cross Red Crescent now stands at almost 9,500, very close to the Appeal target of 10,000; a further 8,000 are in the pipeline.

Japan International Cooperation Agency(JICA)
Japan Disaster Relief (JDR) performance Emergency Relief to Earthquake in TURKEY *To review English page:

BBC News 1999/11/13 02:25(GMT)
Britons join Turkey rescue effort irefighters, 15 members of the charity International Rescue Corps and eight people from the Rapid UK charity have joined other international teams in the hard-hit city of Duzce. The teams are looking for an unknown number of people trapped under the rubble of an estimated 300 collapsed buildings.