Formal Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Pakistan shares borders with India, China, Afghanistan and Iran, which faces the Arabian Sea. 778,720 million square kilometers land area. It has the Himalayas in the north and the Baluchistan Highlands in the west. The eastern half of the land has the Indus River. Because of the geographical condition of Pakistan, climate varies greatly by region.
The capital is Islamabad. Among 16 million population, about half accounts for the Punjab, others are occupied by the Sindh, the Patan and the Baluchi. Densely populated along the Indus River.
Pakistan frequently suffers from earthquakes. Northern and Western part of Pakistan is particularly vulnerable to earthquakes. The Indus River is known as flood-prone area especially in July and August. It suffers from drought, cyclone, flash flood, landslide, avalanche and epidemics.
Earthquake (October 2005)
On 8 October 2005, an earthquake of M7.6 occurred. Due to the earthquake, 73,338 people were killed, 128,304 were injured and 500,000 were affected. This massive earthquake drove the Pakistani government for the development of disaster management.
Cyclone (May 1999)
A cyclone hit the southern part of Pakistan on 20 May 1999. 168 were killed, 597,482 were affected and 44,149 houses were destroyed in Thatta Province and Badin Province.
Flash Flood (March 1998)
Flash flood caused by torrential rains on 3 March 1998 killed 1,500 and destroyed 3,700 houses in Turbat.
The National Disaster Management Ordinance was promulgated in October 2007.
The National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC) chaired by the Prime Minister was established. The NDMC consists of a senior representative of each province, leaders of the opposition parties, representative of the army, representatives of civil society associations and NGOs. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), set up in March 2007, is the focal point for Coordinating and facilitating the implementation of strategies and programmes on disaster risk reduction, response and recovery.
The National Disaster Risk Reduction Framework was approved in March 2007.