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Impact from a Natural Disaster

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As you can see in Fig.1 and Fig.2, the number of natural disasters and victims by natural disasters is increasing every year due to environmental changes such as increasing population, urbanization, reduction of forest and desertification.

What is surprising is that almost 90% of the victims are concentrated in the Asian regions. (Fig. 4)

Furthermore, natural disasters worldwide have cost 68.7 billion dollars in damages for the past 10 years. Natural disasters in the Asian region cost over half of that amount. (Fig. 5)

According to the past 25 years of data, 98% of damages were brought by floods, droughts and typhoons in the Asian region (Fig. 6). On the other hand, the amount of damage can be divided into approximately half for water-related disasters and earthquakes (Fig. 7)

 

Fig. 8 –13 represent damages by income level. We can see that 96% of the death  and victims from natural disasters are from poor countries (Low or Lower-middle Income). The amount of damage tends to be higher in the industrial countries. However, when we look at the amount of damage in terms of the actual impact on the country and divide that by the gross national income, poorer countries receive more impact by disasters as Fig. 14 – 16 indicates.

As a new attempt, Fig 17 - 19 shows the damage based on the Human Development Index put forward by UNDP (United Nations Development Plan). This index shows the development level of a person based on the countryfs average life expectancy, literacy rate, higher education rate and GDP per person. This graph indicates that education, sanitary conditions as well as poverty level has a close relation to damages from natural disasters. 

 

Finally, Fig. 20 represents a list of the past major disasters. The right column includes the numbers comparing "damage amount" from natural disasters and GDP of a country. As you can see, at the forest fire in Mongolia , one natural disaster cost them 1.5 times the GDP.

 

It is clear that gdisaster preventionh is extremely important for gsustainable development.h

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Figure 1 - Figure 7

Figure 8 - Figure 13

Figure 14 - Figure 20