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IV-Natural Disaster Management System

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1-The Legal System and Structure of Disaster management  

THE MANDATE OF NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT  

The Roles and Responsibilities of the NCDM gNational Levelh

  

              The National Committee for Disaster Management has the following functions and responsibilities:

          To coordinate with the Ministries of the Royal Government, UN agencies, IOs, NGOs, International Communities, National Associations, and Local Donors in order to appeal for aid for Emergency Response and Rehabilitation.  

          To make recommendations to the Royal Government and issue principles, main policies and warnings on Disaster Preparedness and Management cum the measures for Emergency Response and interventions in evacuating people to haven.

          To disseminate Disaster Management work to Communities and strengthen the line from the National level (Ministries / Institutions concerned) to the provincial/ Municipal/ District/ Precinct levels along with human resource development aiming to manage Disaster works firmly and effectively.

          To put forward a proposal to the Royal Government on reserves, funds, fuel, means of working, equipment and human resources for Disaster Prevention and intervention in Emergency Response and Rehabilitation before, during, and after disaster,

 

The Roles and Responsibilities of the NCDM General Secretariat

 

          To ensure the continuity and functioning of the National Committee for Disaster Management administration

          To conduct research into the flood, drought, storm, wildfire, epidemics prone areas and other hazards by preparing Preparedness and Emergency Response plans.

          To instruct the provincial, Municipal, District, Precinct, committee for Disaster Management and relief communities about work and technical skill that are the basis for collection of disaster data for damage and need assessment and prepare rehabilitation and reconstruction programmes of damaged infrastructure in co-ordination with institutions UN agencies, IOs, and NGOs concerned.

          To formulate a technical skill training programme for officials who serve Disaster Management functions in provinces, municipalities, district, precinct, and relief communities within the framework of training in and out of the country

          To coordinate work with Ministries/Institutions concerned, local authorities, UN agencies, IOs, and NGOs in order to evacuate vulnerable people to haven and to provide them with security, public education, Emergency Response and other programmes

          To give opinion of the documents related to Disaster Management and the letters of consent. To sum the report up and submit it to the National Committee for Disaster Management. The General Secretariat of the National Committee for Disaster Management has 5 departments as mentioned in article below.

 

The responsibilities of the Department of Administration and Finance shall be:

 

          To administer and circulate the National Committee for Disaster Management administrative documents

          To sum up the National Committee for Disaster Management work and other activities

          To govern the National Committee for Disaster Management civil servants

          To collect the needs, formulate a budget proposal, plan a programme of expense, tract and remind of its execution

          To coordinate the National Committee for Disaster Management budget line and expenses

          To administer immovable property, movable object, stock of goods and its inventory

 

 

The responsibilities of the Department of Information and Relations shall be:

 

          To follow weather information, and meteorology and hydrology situation

          To write and compile disaster news

          To issue information regarding various disasters occurring in and out of the country through bulletin and broadcasting system

          To produce disaster posters and leaflets

          To prepare report on hydrology and meteorology situation in collaboration with skilled Ministries/ Institutions and broadcast the warning of the emergency, needs and measures

          To communicate with foreign countries and IOs regarding disaster work.

 

The responsibilities of the Department of Emergency Response and Rehabilitations shall be:

 

          To establish a command structure in emergency operation according to the National Policy for Disaster Management upon receiving information on disaster predictions

          To prepare a prevention/ mitigation/ emergency relief plan, and labor rehabilitation and rehabilitation programmes

          To coordinate the research into hazards, services, emergency relief, safety, security, evacuation, and shelters with Ministries/ Institutions concerned, UN agencies, IOs, and NGOs

          To conduct damage and needs assessment and lead the operation when emergency happens

       

The responsibilities of the Department of Preparedness and Training shall be:

 

          To prepare equipment, materials and supplies for emergency response

          To formulate plans and programmes for training human resources who serve Disaster Management function at the National/ Local level

          To choose the candidates who participate in the training course in and out of the country

          To educate and disseminate Disaster Preparedness to the local communities and the affected people

          To publish pictorial documents related to Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation.

 

The responsibilities of the Department of Search and Rescue shall be:

 

          To coordinate work with the Secretariat of State for Civil Aviation and Ministries/ Institutions concerned in order to conduct the activities in conformity with the organized legislative procedure

          To prepare a plan and submit it to the High-Command of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces regarding the use of means and SAR intervention forces

          To receive and dispatch information on aircraft/ ship accident and request principles, implementing regulations and instructions from the National Committee for Disaster Management related to the coordination of search and rescue

          To issue official announcement of the crash site when the information is double checked

          To prepare modality and conduct the SAR operation in collaboration with the neighboring country according to agreement on Search and Rescue

          To collaborate with Emergency Coordination Center of State Secretariat of Civil Aviation and identify SAR mission. 

          

Disaster Working Group of the Ministry/ Institution

 

          Each ministry/ institution has established the Disaster Working Group of the Ministry/ Institution in order to boast the spirit of self-reliance in participating and solving disaster. It is responsible for coordinating all activities involving Disaster Preparedness, Response and Rehabilitation.

Provincial/ Municipal Committee for Disaster Management

At each Province/ Municipality there is Provincial/ Municipal Committee for Disaster Management comprising the following membership:

          The Provincial/ Municipal Governor              President

          The Deputy Governor                               Vice-President

          The Chief of relevant Government Department and the Director of the

          Provincial/ Municipal Red Cross as Members

 

The duties of the Provincial/ Municipal Committee for Disaster Management shall be:

 

          To implement the National Policy for Disaster Management

          To prepare guideline and support the activities of the District/ Precinct Committee for Disaster Management

          To make recommendation to the National Committee for Disaster Management on the activities of the institutions concerned and CRC, the Assistance of the National Organizations and IOs that participate in Disaster Prevention, Preparedness, Emergency Response and Rehabilitation.

          To write a report and submit it to the National Committee for Disaster Management regarding damage and make a budget proposal, a proposal of

          equipment, materials, means of transport and intervention force for action when there is Disaster

          To carry out the training program in order to strengthen the officials who serve Disaster Management functions with technical skill and public education programme at the communities

 

 

At each District/ Precinct there is District/ Precinct Committee for Disaster Management whose membership is:

 

          The District/ Precinct Chief                       President

          The District/ Precinct Deputy                    Vice-President

          The Chief of relevant offices within the District/ Precinct and the Chief of the District/ Precinct Red Cross                              Members

 

The duties of the District/ Precinct Committee for Disaster Management shall be:

 

          To implement the National Policy which is involved in Disaster Management

          To choose officials who participate in the training course on Disaster Management at the National or Provincial/ Municipal levels

          To prepare and disseminate disaster information to public

          To forward report on damage and needs to the Provincial/ Municipal Committee for Disaster Management

          To lead operations during disaster including relief assistance, evacuation, shelter, and medical supplies

          To forward the summary report on operation and relief assistance to the Provincial/ Municipal Committee for Disaster Management

 

Auditing Unit

          The Minister of the Ministry of Economic and Finance has established auditing Unit under the terms of regulations identified in Sub-Decree No. 81dated 16 November 1998 on the establishment of auditing institution involving the expense of budget of the Ministries.

 

2-Disaster Management Policy and its implementation

The national policy for disaster management which should have laid out the action for disaster preparedness and other activities had undergone 3 revisions since it was first discussed in 1997, but is yet to be approved by the Council of Ministers and signed as an official document by the Prime Minister. Due to this, the policy as a basic and official guideline for preparedness and response actions at the provincial and district levels has not been disseminated. The ability of the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) Ministries, provincial and district leadership to provide effective civil service is therefore constrained due to inadequate understanding of specific roles and responsibilities, lack of clarity in glines of communicationsh and criteria for decision making, planning and implementing. In the absence of a written policy and guidelines, however, during the flood of 2000, it was widely recognized that the leadership of Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen and the personal actions taken by provincial Governors were crucial in the mobilization of resources to respond to urgent needs

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3-Governmental Organization Structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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