World Food Programme (WFP) 2000/08/11
Monsoon has favourably brought succour to the dry areas of the country. Elsewhere though monsoon has created an emergency in the form of flash floods resulting in wide scale destruction. The state of Rajasthan has reported a cumulative rainfall of 261mm for the months of June, July and 1st week of August, yet 30 mm less than expected normal.
In India, close to 50 million people have been affected, according to the Indian government. The authorities there have taken emergency measures, but have not appealed to the international community for assistance, the agencies said.
Severe drought is threatening the livelihood of more than 3.5 million people in south Asia.
Tens of thousands of farmers and nomads living in western India, and in south western and south-eastern Pakistan, have no access to fresh water, resulting in crop failure and the loss of livestock.
The drought situation in South Asia is deteriorating. With temperatures soaring up to 50°C during the day, and no rainfall expected until late this summer or in the fall, people are getting more and more desperate.
Low rainfall during the last two years has caused severe drought conditions in 11 Indian States. An estimated 130 million people - 15 percent of the population - in more than 70,000 villages and 230 urban centres are at risk.
OCHA Situation Report No. 1 2000/05/18
Both central and state governments in India have adopted emergency measures to provide relief assistance in drought-affected areas. The central Government is constantly monitoring the situation and coordinating efforts to mitigate the hardship imposed by the drought.