|China : Flood : 1998/08|
|Outline||Flood occured in southeast area of China at the
beginning of the March.In addition to the Yangtze flood,floods occured in noutheast area of Nenjiang and Songhuajiang.Refugees increase,and problems of food's shortcoming and desease are worried.
Concern about floods is supposed to continue for the present,and restoration will be prolonged.
|Human Impact||Physical Impact||Others|
|The President of China urges rebuilding as floods recede|
|The flooding slashed summer grain output by 11 percent from last year's harvest.|
|News source Dangers of infectious illness(CNN news 98.9.3)|
|44,000 schools were damaged,and the amount of damage were USD 90 million.About 7 million students were affected.||Shortage of drinking water made sanitary condition
of refuges worse.
In Heilongjiang Province cases of infectious disease,typhoid and dysentery etc.,increased by 52%.
|Tibet and Russia were hit by floods occured in Asia and the Pacific area（BBC 98.8.31).|
|More than 50 people have been dead in Tibet.
80,000 people suffered from floods in Tibet.
|240 million Chinese affected by Yangtze flooding(CNN 98.8.24)|
|In the backward eastern province of Anhui, 822,000 people had been evacuated from flooded areas.
In central Hunan province, where 1 million peasants were driven from their homes, half were living in tents, 200,000 in schools and government buildings, and the rest with relatives.
280,000 people took refuge in northern Jilin province and 8.5 million people in Heilongjiang province were affected by floods.
|News source Harbin calm as crest reaches city （South China Morning Post 98.8.21)|
|400,000 soldiers and civilians worked to reinforce dykes along the banks of the Songhua in Harbin city.
|China floods surge toward record levels（CNN 98.8.19)|
|In Jilin province, floods have forced nearly a million people to abandon their homes in Baicheng city.||Economic losses have reached at least $24.1 billion all over China.|
|Death toll in Asia floods passes 2,500(CNN 98.8.13)|
|In the northeastern Chinese region of Inner Mongolia, 113,600 people were stranded by floods.
The floods have caused outbreaks of disease, with more than 600 people suffering dysentery, typhoid, cholera, skin rashes and eye diseases.
|Floods have destroyed 410,000 people's homes.||Officials estimate direct economic losses from the flooding could reach as high as $24 billion, shaving one half of a percent off the economic growth rate for 1998.|
|blast upper embankment to protect Wuhan, a city of 7 million people(CNN98.8.10)|
|50,000 people took refuge In Jianli County, about 90 miles upriver from Wuhan in central China's Hubei province,in order to blast embankment.
||Blasting embankment will lower the Yangtze by four to 10 inches.;equal to 0.8 billion cubic meter.|
|News source Drastic Measure to save Yichang (South China Morning Post 98.8.7)|
|The number of the sufferers are 240,000,000, and refugees 13,800,000 all over China.||The number of collapsed houses are 5,580,000,and
damaged houses 12,050,000.
Damaged agriculutural area are 21,530,000ha,and damaged harvest area 4,780,000ha.;this date in all over China.
|Ｃｈｉｎａ floodng death toll tops 2,000(CNN 98.8.6)|
|More than 2,000 people have died in China's long season of summer flooding.;This season's death toll is the highest since 1991.
landslides and mudflows have affected some 240 million people.
|5,580,000 houses collapsed all over China; 12,050,000 houses were damaged.
21,280,000ha agricultural lands were flooded.4,720,000ha crops were damaged.
|China Floods Situation Report (OCHA Report No.9 98.9.19))|
|Based on investigation by the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Team,they will appeal for following asistance.
・temporary refuge and houses including buildong materials
・assistance for medicines and health care
・assistance for foods
・building clinic,school and other institutions
|Ｃｈｉｎａ floods situation report(OCHA report No.8 98.9.3)|
|223 million people were affected by the floods and 3,004 killed, 15.85 million people were evacuated and resettled.||4.97 million housing units were destroyed and 21.2 million ha of crops were affected, of which, 1,306,700 ha lost all harvest. The disaster caused a direct economic loss of USD 20 billion.
||200,000-300,000 tents are needed urgently.
The contributions reported to OCHA are as follows
|China Floods Situation Report (The International Red Cross.98.10.1)|
|2.9 million people are still living on dikes.
15.85 million people have been evacuated and resettled. 14 million people left homeless.
6.19 million people have been affected by flooding, of which some 375,000 are homeless in Inner Mongolia.
|2 months are needed by the end of Yangtze flooding.
More than 23 million head of livestock perished in the disaster. The Ministry of Agriculture is speeding up efforts to prevent an outbreak of epidemics from destroying animal.
In inner Mongolia,tents and foods are indispensable to people because of dropping of temperature.
|Shanghai calls end to flood emergency(CNN 98.9.14)|
|The decision to call off the emergency was made after water levels along the Yangtze River had fallen significantly.
|China Receives Foreign Donation for Flood-Ravaged Areas(China Daily 98.8.31)|
|The government of the United States has donated 207,000 yuan and a great number of tents, mattress, woolen blankets and kettles from the government of the United States.
The government of Japan has donated 5.81 million yuan and a large supply of tents, generators, and water-purifying equipment.
The ministry also received 415,000 yuan in donations from the government of the Repubic of Korea.
|News source people must take care about floods still(China Daily 98.8.27)|
|223,000,000 people had suffered from floods all over China.||21,000,000ha had been flooded in 29 Province.
4,970,000 houses had collapsed in 29 Province.
Economical loss are 20 billion USD all over China.
|Province damaged heavily are JIangxi,Hunan and Hubei and Heilongjiang and Innner Mongolia.
More than 2 months have passed from the beginning of restoration works, and 8 million people and 74,000 soldiers are occupied in that.
|Presedent of China orders massive flood mobilization(CNN 98.8.26)|
|3,004 people have been dead,and 1,320 of the deaths nationwide took place along the Yangtze.|
|The President of China urges fight to death against floods（Reuters 98.8.26)|
|Lingering flood waters have threatened to chill more than 500,000 people left without shelter in northeastern Heilongjiang province.||In Heilongjiang,the number of destroyed houses are 750,000 ,economic damage is $2.4 billion, besides more than one third of Heilongjiang's crops is affected.
In Hubei,economic damage is $4.6 billion,and 2.54 million hectares of crops submerged.
|China Floods (OCHA 98.8.21)|
|Along the Nenjiang river would force the relocation of more than 100,000 residents.
In Anhui and Jiangxi provinces,more than 30 million people have been affected by surging floods along the Yangtze
In Hunan, 930,000 people evacuated to escape the floods.
|The overall damage is estimated at USD 24 billion||In Daqing, rising waters have flooded some 2,500 of the 20,000 wells of the oil field.|
|Chinese city of Harbin braced for the arrival of a new flood crest. （Reuters 98.8.21)|
|400 residents were evacuated to dry areas in the southern part of the city.
||Some 380,000 People's Liberation Army troops were rushed to Harbin to join the defence of the city.|
|Floods creep closer to China|
|In the northeast's Inner Mongolia, flooding had killed 81 people.||In the northeast's Inner Mongolia, flooding had destroyed a quarter of a million homes||In neighbouring Liaoning province, flooding had forced the Liaohe oilfield to cut output by up to 3,502 tonnes a day.|
|floods hit Chinese city and southeast oil field(CNN 98.8.12)|
|28,000 people took refuge in Harbin.||6,000 houses in Harbin|
|Floods threaten China|
|Flooding at Daqing closed 527 oil wells at 17.||Daqing has 25,000 wells that produced 17.9 billion gallons of oil last year, about a third of the nation's total.
|China dike breach kills 78, state media say(Reuters 98.8.14 )|
|78 have died in eastern Jiujiang. 28,600 have been injured or made ill.
3.46 million people affected by floods in the city
|China Yangtze swells anew, northeast scrambles by the flood(Reuters 98.8.13)|
|The Yangtze's fifth flood peak of the year had passed Yichang city, site of the gargantuan Three Gorges Dam project, with the river's flow hitting a year-high peak of 62,800 cubic metres a second.
|the flood hits northern China (Reuters 98.8.12)|
|China's floods have spread to northern China killing 14 people and leaving 20 missing and more than 17,300 stranded.
About 760,000 people had been affected by floods in Inner Mongolia.
|The United States has donated $250,000 plus tents and other relief goods. Hong Kong tycoon Li Ka-shing has donated $6.4 million.
|In Northeast China flood happened(Reuters 98.8.11)|
|It seemed that more than 10 people had been dead in Heilongjiang Province.||Industrial output growth in China slid to a year-on-year 7.6 percent in July from 7.9 percent in June and 8.0 percent in May by the flood.
China has blamed the flooding for paring 0.4 percentage point off of first half economic growth.
|News source team to collect materials was send to damaged area(World Vision 98.8.10)|
|In Jiangxi Province,more than 8 million people were damaged,and the number of the dead were more than 441,lost people were 143.the injured were 662.|
|Major Chinese city threatened with worst flood in half-century|
|At Daqing, which produced about half of China's oil last year, 355 of the oil field's 20,000 wells were waterlogged.|
|More flooding wreaks havoc in northeast|
|・About 760,000 people had been affected by floods in Inner Mongolia.
・Flood waters from the Hulin river in Inner Mongolia have stranded 15,000 since Monday.
|Diseases threaten Chinese flood victims|
|The flooding has affected some 7 million Chinese schoolchildren. An estimated 44,000 schools are underwater.|
|Geographycal Data Information|
|Emergency Relief Information|