The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) Natural Disasters Data Book 2014 provides statistical perspectives in figures and tables for 2014 as well as for the period 1985-2014 based on data obtained by EM-DAT.
According to EM-DAT, 328 natural disasters occurred in 2014 worldwide, killing 18,740 people and affecting over 107.3million people. The estimated amount of economic damage came close to US$97.6 billion.
In 2014, the earthquake that hit China in August brought about serious damages to the country. The disaster killed 731 people and affected over 1.1 million people. The death toll is the largest in Asia and the fourth in the world following three epidemic events in Africa.
Drought and flood in China have largest affected people in the world with over 27.5 million and 15.0 million people, respectively.
By region, Asia is ranked the highest in disaster occurrences, the number of affected people and economic damage with 43.6 percent in occurrences; number of affected people, 86.2 percent; and amount of economic damage, 65.8 percent. Africa has the largest share in number of killed people with 60.7 percent.
By disaster types, flood is dominant in occurrence and economic damage at 39.3 percent and 34.1 percent, respectively, while epidemics tops in number of people killed by 58.2 percent and so does drought in number of affected people with 37.0 percent.
Data Book 2014 also contains tables of the 25 worst disasters by number of people killed and total affected people, economic damage, and their respective ratios to population and gross domestic product. It also includes tables of 2014 disasters in Asian countries sorted by country and disaster type.