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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

Viet NamViet Nam

General Information

Viet Nam Formal Name: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Vietnam is located in eastern Indochina, and borders with China, Lao, PDR and Cambodia. Narrow strip of land is 329,241 square kilometers in area. Southern part has the Mekong Delta and plains, whilst the central area is composed of mountains and slopes. North is mountainous and hilly, except the Red River Delta in the south. Tropical climate in the south and temperate in the north, with rainy season from April to October. In the mountains annual precipitation sometimes rise up to 4000mm. From October to March is dry season.
Capital is Hanoi. Out of 85.2 million people, 86 percent are the Kin. The population includes 53 other ethnic minority residents.

Overview of Disasters

Typhoon hit Vietnam from May to January sometimes triggering floods of the Mekong River. Windstorms, floods, epidemic, drought, insect infestation, slides, wild fires are main disaters in Vietnam.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

Decree No. 168-HDBT (May 19, 1990) of the Council of ministers established and outlined the tasks of the Central Committee of Storm and Flood Control (CCSFC), and committees and sectors at all levels (provincial, district and village).

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here At the Central level, the National Committee, an inter-ministerial institution serves as a coordinating body for disaster reduction efforts in Viet Nam. Its secretariat is provided by the Department of Dike Management and Flood Control (DDMFC) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD). The CCSFC (Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control, Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development) formulates all regulations and mitigation measures related to typhoons and floods. Emphasis is on dike protection, surveillance and maintenance. Local emergency work is coordinated by the provincial CSFC.

Plan

First National Strategy and Action Plan for Mitigating Water Disaster was prepared in 1994 through a national consultation process. It identified the need for a multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary approach to reduce the vulnerability of the country and improve its capacity to cope with the adverse impacts of natural threats. It serves as a basis for annual state plans. The plan has strengthened institutions for disaster mitigation and management.
Second Strategic Action Plan (2001-2020) set up several strategies in disaster mitigation and management that aim to reduce disasters and their impacts on people, property, agriculture, economic well-being, environment, and sustainable development. It lays down responsibilities of various implementing bodies.
The National Strategy for natural disaster prevention, response and mitigation to 2020)was approved by the Prime Minister on 16 November 2007.

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