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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea

General Information

Papua New Guinea Formal Name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea is located in the south Pacific, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, New Britain and numerous offshore islands. It is surrounded by Australia, Solomon Islands, Indonesia and Micronesia. Land area is 462,000 square kilometers. The Bismarck Range and the Owen Stanley Range cut across the New Guinea Island. Tropical Climate, northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation.
The capital is Port Moresby. Population, 6,187,000, consists of the Melanesian.

Overview of Disasters

Earthquakes, river flooding, landslides, dam break, coastal erosion and tsunami are the major disasters in Papua New Guinea.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

Disaster Management Act was promulgated in 1987. A new law is under drafting in order to adjust to the contemporary disaster management measures and administrative reforms in the local government levels.
The Public Health Act, RPNG Constabulary Act, Internal Revenue Act and Insurance Act also contain stipulations on disaster management.
Papua New Guinea also has the Disaster Management Tools which identify its DM policy and guidelines.

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here The National Disaster Centre (NDC) is established by an Act of Parliament, the Disaster Management Act Chapter 403 of 1987.
It is part of the Department of Provincial & Local Government Affairs, and exists under legislation to provide the necessary and appropriate disaster management services to the government and the people of Papua New Guinea. It is responsible for managing natural and human-caused disasters in Papua New Guinea. The office is headed by Director, who is appointed by the National Executive Council (NEC).

Plan

The current Disaster Management Plan (1987) was reviewed in 1999, but suggested changes were not pursued. The National Disaster Centre has conducted an internal review and has drafted a new Disaster Management Plan that reflects changes in contemporary disaster management thinking and practices, as well as changes to PNG government policies, particularly the Organic Laws on the Provincial and Local Level Governments. The NDC is currently drafting the National Response Action Plan (NRAP).

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