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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

MongoliaMongolia

General Information

Mongolia Formal Name: Mongolia
Mongolia is landlocked between China and Russia, with a land area of 1,564,100 sq km. Western Mongolia is mountainous with Altai Mountains and Khangain Nuruu whose altitude are 4300 meters and 3500 meters, respectively. Southern part is covered with the Gobi Desert and the Mongol Plateau, whereas forests spread in the north, and prairie from the center to the east. Continental climate.
The capital is Ulaanbaatar. 95 percent of 2,635,200 population are the Mongolian, the rest being Kazakh, Chinese, and Russian.

Overview of Disasters

Major disasters are drought, earthquakes, epidemics, famine, floods, forest fires, wind damage, snow damage (Dzud)

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

The Law on Disaster Protection was created in June 2003.
In the Mongolian Constitution Article 6-(4) stipulates that the State regulates the economy of the country with a view to ensure economic security of the nation, the development of all modes of production, and social development of the population. There are laws on civil defense, air pollution, use of water resource, hydro-meteorology and environmental monitoring.

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here NEMA (National Emergency Management Agency) is responsible for implementation of the State disaster protection policy and legislation, as well as for the professional organization of nation wide activities.

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