pagetop
Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
TOP PAGE > Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

MalaysiaMalaysia

General Information

Malaysia Formal Name: Malaysia
Malaysia consists of the southern Malay Peninsula and northern Borneo. Neighboring countries are: Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand. Land area is about 330,000 square kilometers. Approximately 70 percent of the land is tropical forest. Tropical climate, with monsoon from April to October (southwest), from October to February (southeast).
Kuala Lumpur is the capital. Out of 26.57 million people, 66 percent is Malay, 26 per cent is Chinese, 8 per cent is Indian origin.

Overview of Disasters

Most common hazards in Malaysia are flood, landslides, haze (local and trans boundary) and forest fire.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

The National Security Council (NSC) Directive No. 20 promulgated in 1997 states the mechanism on the management of disasters including the responsibilities and functions of the various agencies under an integrated emergency management system.
The Land Conservation Act, Environmental Quality Act (1974), and the Local Government Act (1976) and the Road, Drainage and Building Act also refer to disaster management.

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here The National Security Division (NSD) in the Prime Minister\'s Department is responsible for coordination of all activities related to disaster.
Disaster Management And Relief Committee (DMRC) carries out the responsibilities of the NSC in coordinating all the activities related to disaster management. DMRC are established at three different levels, i.e. at the Federal, State and District levels, whereby the NSD is the Secretariat. At the federal level, DMRC is responsible in the formulation of national polices and strategies regarding the alertness and the preparation of various agencies involved in the handling of disasters.

Plan

Standard Operating Procedures (S.O.P.) stipulates the procedures to take in times of disaster.

ADRC Counterpart