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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

Korea, Republic OfKorea, Republic Of

General Information

Korea, Republic Of Formal Name: Republic of Korea
South Korea is located in the southern Korean Peninsula. It is surrounded by the Yellow Sea in the west and the Sea of Japan in the east. Approximately 70 percent of 99,274 square kilometers of land is mountainous. Western and southern parts are covered with plains, whereas mountainous in the north and east. The coast is surrounded by about 3,400 islands. Cool temperate climate zone: hot and rainy in summer, cold and dry in winter.
The capital is Seoul. 48.46 million population is mostly occupied by the Korean.

Overview of Disasters

Typhoon sometimes triggers torrential rains and subsequent floods. Heavy snowfall, landslides, storms, drought, sandstorms are the major disasters.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

The Act on Disaster Risk Management and Reduction enacted in 2008 stipulates the basics of the disaster management policies of Korea. There are other DM related laws including the Disaster and Safety Management Basic Act enacted in 2004, the Natural Disaster Countermeasures Act enacted in 1995, the Water and Wind related Disaster Insurance Act, the Act on Disaster Risk Management and Reduction of Reservoir and Dam enacted in 2008, the Special Law on Reduction of Disaster Risk and Emigration Measure in 2007.

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) established under the umbrella of the Ministry of Public Administration and Security (MOPAS) is comprehensively in charge of disaster management policies in Korea.
Once a disaster takes place, a special task force called the CDSCH is formed. The CDSCH is in charge of natural disaster prevention, situation management and relief planning, in addition to take necessary measures in times of disaster.
The National Disaster Management Institute was established in 2006, which provides disaster management trainings and drills for the citizens and civil servants.
The National Institute for Disaster Prevention (NIDP) was formed in 1997 in order to develop the disaster management technology and the national policies.

Plan

National Safety Management Basic Plan covering 2005-2009 stipulates mid-to-long term policies on security systems in Korea.

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