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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

KazakhstanKazakhstan

General Information

Kazakhstan Formal Name: Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is a country located in the in the Central Eurasia. One of the five Central Asian countries, with the land area of 2.7 million square kilometers. It borders China in the east, Kyrgyzstan Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in the south. The Tianshan Mountain is in the south, the Altai Mountains in the east. The Caspian Sea in the west is the largest lake in the world. Around the lake is desert, plains, and hills.
The capital is Astana. 15.5 million population, out of which 58.9 percent are the Kazakh, 25.9 percent the Russian. Others include Ukraine, Uzbek, Uighur, Tatar, German and Korean.

Overview of Disasters

Storm, landslide & slope collapse, floods, epidemics, extreme temperatures, earthquakes, and forest fires are the major disasters in Kazakhstan.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

President's Decree "On measures aimed to prevent disasters in the territory of the Republic"dated March 19, 2004 No. 451 provides the long-term direction for national disaster management.
Government Program of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the mid-term perspective 2010-2012 includes the disaster reduction as one of important targets.

Organization

The Ministry for Emergency Situations is the prime organization at the central government, which carries out response activities for large emergencies and disasters. It controls industrial technical safety, coordinates measures on the prevention, supervises national fire service, and serves as the coordinating body for civil defense in Kazakhstan.

Plan

The Comprehensive Kazakhstan Natural Disaster Preparedness Plan serves as a guide for central and local governments in the country in implementing measures on disaster reduction.

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