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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
TOP PAGE > Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

AustraliaAustralia

General Information

Australia Formal Name: Commonwealth of Australia
Australia is located in the south-west of Oceania. It is comprised of the Australian continent, Tasmania island, Cocos Islands, Norfolk Island, and other numerous islands. The area is 7,692,024 square kilometers. Most of the continent is flat without significant high mountains. The climate of Australia varies widely. The northern part of the country has a tropical climate, the southern part has a temperate climate, and the central and west part has a dry climate.
The capital is Cannberra. Most of the estimated 20.63 million people are European descent. Others are Asian descent and Aboriginal people (the indigenous population).

Overview of Disasters

Forest Fire, Cyclone, Storms, Flood, Flash Flood, Landslides, Tornade, Earthquake, Tsunami, Heat Wave and Drought are main disasters.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Organization

The Ministerial Council for Police and Emergency Management (MCPEM) established in 2006 oversees national disaster management, seeking to develop effective collaboration and coordination of federal, state, territory and local government action. The Council guides the strategic direction of emergency management in Australia and meets once a year.
The Australian Emergency Management Committee (AEMC) is the Australia’s peak consultative emergency management forum. This committee comprises chairpersons and executive officers of State and Territory emergency management committees, the Director General of Emergency Management Australia, representatives of the Australian Local Government Association and the New Zealand Director of Civil Defence and Emergency Management.
Emergency Management Australia (EMA) is the agency which is part of the Attorney General's Department and provides the secretariat for MCPEM and AEMC. EMA has responsibility to build key relationships within the national and international emergency management arena and work in partnership with all levels of government, the private sector, and non-government organisations to mitigate the impact of emergency and disaster events.

Plan

The Natural Disaster Mitigation Program (NDMP) was established in 2003-04 and aims to create safer, sustainable communities better able to withstand the effects of floods, storms, bush fires and other rapid onset natural disasters.

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