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Asian Disaster Reduction Center(ADRC)
Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries
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Information on Disaster Risk Reduction of the Member Countries

MyanmarMyanmar

General Information

Myanmar Formal Name: Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Located in the west of Indochina Island, Myanmar borders Thailand, Lao, PDR, Bangladesh and India. Land area is about 680,000 square kilometers. It faces the bay of Bengali and the Indian Ocean. Indo-Australia Plate and Eurasia Plate cause earthquake.
The capital is Naypyitaw. It has 56.52 million(2006-2007) population. 70 percent of the population is Bamar, while others are various national races.

Overview of Disasters

Fire, floods, cyclone are the frequent disasters.

Recent Major Disasters

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Landslide (March 2000)

On 7 March 2000, a major landslide involving an area of 15 ha occurred in the Bayil zone of the Sabayil district, south of Baku city center. The landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. After the incident, it was decided to move roughly 300 families from this territory.

Disaster Management System

Legal System

The Rehabilitation Board Act (1950), the Board of Development Affairs Act (1993), the Epidemic Diseases Prevention Act (1995), the Implementation of Insurance Act (1996), and the Fire Services Act (1997) has been promulgated. Disaster Management Law has enacted in 2013.

Organization

Organization Chart Click Here In order to effectively carry-out disaster preparedness and prevention measures the Government established a Central Committee for Disaster Prevention and Relief, a policy formulating body headed by the Minister of Home Affairs.
Fire Services Department under Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for fire precaution, fire prevention, extinction, training of fireman, relief and rescue work, educating the public for awareness of fire and disasters.

Plan

Department of relief and resettlement have cooperated with the Department of Health, Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Fire Services Department, Human Settlement and Household Development Department, Irrigation Department and Myanmar Red Cross society in the field of disaster prevention and reduction measure.

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