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Duration2022/01/15 On 15 January 2022, the underwater volcano Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Haapai located 64km in the north of Tonga erupted during 8 minutes, sending a 18 km ash plume in the sky. The eruptions triggered a tsunami of 80cm, inundating Tongatapu, the main island of Tonga. It triggered tsunami warnings in several countries of the Pacific coast, including Japan and the US, where flooding hit some coastal parts of California and Alaska.
Country or DistrictTonga

Headline(Source, Date)
Personal Injury Material Damage Others

Specific Matters

Related Links
  • UNOCHA 2022/02/03
    Kingdom of Tonga: Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha﹊apai Volcanic Eruption: International Deployed Assets (As of 03 February 2022)
  • UNOCHA 2022/02/04
    Tonga: Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha﹊apai Volcanic Eruption Humanitarian Snapshot (As of 04 February 2022)
  • UNOCHA 2022/02/07
    Tonga: Snapshot of Population Displacement - As of 07 February 2022
  • (JAXA) Volcano eruptions in the Kingdom of Tonga
    JAXA conducted emergency observation by Advanced Land Observing Satellite-2 ﹍ALOS-2﹎ on the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha﹊apai volcano eruptions and tsunami in the Kingdom of Tonga and provided observed data upon request from Sentinel Asia on January 16, 2022.
    The results of analysis were provided to Disaster Management Organizations such as the Pacific Community (SPC) to support their response activities.
    JAXA provided the analysed data obtained through Sentinel Asia to the World Food Programme (WFP) as well as the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).
  • UNOCHA 2022/01/28
    Kingdom of Tonga: Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha﹊apai Volcanic Eruption: International Deployed Assets (As of 28 January 2022)
  • UNOCHA 2022/01/25
    The key challenges of Tonga continue to be access to safe water, ash clearance and ensuring food security.
  • Government of Tonga 2022/01/21
    Ash-fall and a tsunami from the volcanic eruption affected an estimated 84% of the population of Tonga covering the whole of Tonga.
  • Government of Tonga 2022/01/19
    Affected population approx. 84,776 (84% of population, Tongatapu, Haapai, Eua)
  • UN News 2022/01/18
    According to a Tongan Government press release on Tuesday 18 January, the three fatalities are a British national, and two Tongan nationals.
  • ECHO 2022/01/18
    According to the UN, in Tonga, two people are still missing and widespread damage has been detected across the country, especially in the main island Tongatapu. In Peru, two other people died and in Japan, national authorities reported two injured people.
  • BBC 2022/01/16
    Up to 80,000 people there could be affected, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) told the BBC.
Geographycal Data Information
  • ECHO 2022/01/17
    Tonga and Pacific Ocean | Volcanic eruption and tsunami –DG ECHO Daily Map | 17/01/2022
Emergency Relief Information
Urgent Report from Supporting Members of the Asian Disaster Reduction Center