Details of Disaster Information


Turkey : Earthquake : 1999/08/17
GLIDE: EQ-1999-000268-TUR  DRR & Disaster Information

Duration 1999/08/17
Country
   or
District
Turkey
Name Earthquake
Outline A earthquake measured 7.4 on the Richter scale devastated northwestern Turkey at 3:02 a.m on August 17(local time).
The epicenter of the quake was near Izmit city, 65 miles (104 kilometers) east of Istanbul.
At September 17, a powerful aftershock hits northwestern Turkey. seven people have been killed and some 200 injured after it.
At least 15,800 people were killed and some 50,000 injured in a massive earthquake.

Summary
Human Impact Physical Impact Others
OCHA Situation Report No.23 1999/09/23
The latest casualty figures available from the Prime Minister's Crisis Management Center (PMCMC) as of 18 September 1999 are 15,637 dead and 24,941 injured. However, President stated on 20 September that the number of fatalities stood around 20,000, while some 100,000 families were left homeless. Collapsed/Heavily damaged housing is 65,385.
Collapsed/Heavily damaged business is 10,761.
Moderately damaged housing is 64,565.
Moderately damaged business is 9,764.
PMCMC said that the wreckage of 1,396 buildings had been removed and that 7,497 heavily damaged buildings awaited urgent demolition.
On 18 September, the Kocaeli Governor, M. Oguz, reported that out of a total population of 1.2 million, 350,000 had been left homeless in Izmit and the others could not go into their houses in fear of another quake. Despite the 51 tent cities in the city, they still needed 50,000 more tents.
OCHA Situation Report No.24 1999/9/27

The number of housing units which collapsed or which were heavily damaged in the earthquake was found out to be 43,523.
Turkey - Earthquake OCHA Situation Report No.21
Casualty figures are 15,466 dead and 23,954 injured. The wreckage of 910 buildings has been removed and 2,759 damaged building await urgent demolition in the affected area as a whole.
OCHA Situation Report No.22 1999/09/17
15,585 dead
24,885 injured
(16 September 1999, the Prime Minister's Crisis Management Center)
Collapsed/Heavily damaged
Housing 57,572
Business 9,866
Moderately damaged
Housing 56,312
Business 8,869
Lightly damaged
Housing 66,449
Business 8,414
(the aggregate results of the ongoing final damage assessment by PMCMC)

CNN News 1999/9/13 23:10GMT
At least seven people were killed and more than 420 injured in the latest quake of Sep. 13. Most of the injured suffered broken bones as they jumped from buildings 15 buildings in Izmit and seven in Golcuk collapsed in Monday's tremor. Telephone communications with the region were badly damaged, making assessment of casualties or damage difficult.
BBC News 1999/9/13 18:51GMT
At least seven people were killed and more than 200 people were injured by the earthquake on Sep. 13. 20 people were believed trapped under debris
The strength of the quake, which struck just before 3pm (1200 GMT) local time on Sep. 13, was 5.8 on the Richter scale. The epicentre is in Izmit, 80km (50 miles) south-east of Istanbul, the city's Kandilli Observatory reported.
OCHA Situation Report No.19 (1999/9/8)
15,135 dead and 23,983 injured
(As of Sep.6, the Prime Minister's Crisis Management Center (PMCMC))
Damage assessment as of Sep. 7
Destroyed: 20,957
Moderately Damaged: 25,092
Lightly Damaged: 27,609

The Government of Turkey is estimating the number of the homeless families at 100,000

AFP NEWS 1999/9/3
The August 17 earthquake in northwestern Turkey killed 14,695 people and injured 24,034, according to a new official provisional toll issued Friday.
The same region experienced two more temblors Tuesday, measuring 5.2 and 4.6 on the Richter scale, that killed one person and injured 166.
OCHA Situation Report No.17 (1999/9/2 17:00 GMT)
14,559 dead
24,093 injured
(The Prime Ministry Crisis Management Centre (PMCMC) at 1999/9/2)
The number of affected "residential units" (not buildings) including a limited number of small shops is 96,413.
20,860 totally destroyed
35,908 regarded as permanently uninhabitable
37,698 suffered minor damage
(The Prime Ministry Crisis Management Centre (PMCMC) at 1999/9/2)

OCHA Situation Report No.16 (1999/9/2)
(As of Sep.1)
Dead: 14,494
Wounded: 25,376
Housing damage assessment (As of Aug.31)
Destroyed: 19,324
Uninhabitable: 31,322
Habitable: 38,113
Total: 88,759

OCHA Report No.14 (1999/8/31)
14,095 dead
27,234 injured
The results of preliminary housing damage assessment(30 August)
Heavy 25,544
Moderate 29,825
Light 17,043
Total 72,412

CNN News 1999/8/23 14:15(GMT)
The official count of the dead stood at 12,134 Monday, with 33,384 injured. Relief officials said the final toll quake could top 40,000 when all the bodies have been found.
Golcuk may be evacuated due to the threat of acid rain with poisonous particles emitted during the refinery fire, which lasted five days.
BBC News 99/8/23 06:01(GMT)
The number of dead has officially been put at 12,000 although officials say more than 30,000 other bodies may still be buried in the rubble. More than 115,000 buildings collapsed, many of them multi-storeyed apartment blocks, home to dozens of families
Some bodies are being buried quickly in mass graves with photographs taken to assist relatives with identification at a later date
CNN News 1999/8/23 03:19(GMT)
The final death toll could reach about 40,000, once all the bodies still buried under the rubble are recovered. . The latest death toll was 12,134, with more than 33,000 people injured
In many places, the search for the living was scaled back and there was only the roar of machinery ripping into the wreckage. A foul stench hangs over the cities
BBC News 99/8/22 5:57(GMT)
The death toll rose to 12,000 on Saturday with another 35,000 estimated to be buried beneath the rubble.
Prime Minister Ecevit warned that delaying funerals to allow identification of all the victims could cause the outbreak of an epidemic.
CNN News 99/8/21 21:07(GMT)

The fire had raged out of control since Tuesday, sending thick black smoke billowing high into the air over Izmit. A lack of clean water and toilets, officials said, put the area at risk for outbreaks of disease.
BBC News 1999/8/21 20:53(GMT)
Death toll rose to 12,000. Fire broke out again at Turkey's biggest oil refinery in Izmit. The Turkish Government says the earthquake is the worst economic disaster in modern Turkish history, with a financial cost of $5bn or more.
CNN News 1999/8/21 08:06(GMT)
Turkish Crisis Center in Ankara said the death toll had risen to l0,059, and government sources told a Turkish newspaper they feared the death toll could rise to 20,000. More than 45,000 were injured and thousands were still missing. Inadequate construction techniques and the region's soft soil combined to produce the widespread devastation and rapidly climbing death toll.
BBC News 1999/8/21 07:12(GMT)
With the confirmed death toll climbing to 10,204, and fears that the final total could be as high as 45,000, Mr Annan said Turkey would need help for many months to come.
Officials say the bodies of up to 35,000 people could still be trapped in the rubble of collapsed buildings.

Since original quake on Tuesday, there are reported to have been more than 1,300 after shock.
CNN News 1999/8/20 23:13(GMT)
More than 10,000 people had died as a result of the earthquake. More than 45,000 were injured and thousands were still missing.


BBC News 1999/8/20 23:11(GMT
The death toll from Turkey's devastating earthquake could eventually exceed 40,000, making it the country's worst this century. Although government officials revised down their earlier death toll of 10,000 to 9,082, they predicted that up to 35,000 more people would be found beneath the rubble.

CNN News 1999/8/20 15:09GMT
The death toll from quake climbed to 10,059 and more than 45,000 were injured.
Officials expect the toll from disaster will continue to rise.
Refinery fire contained in Izmit.
BBC News 1999/8/20 07:26GMT
The death toll had risen to more than 7,000, with another 34,000 injured. The number of people sleeping outside on Aug 19 is estimated as high as two million There has been growing anger that so many buildings fell down because no precautions against earthquakes had been taken. The Muslim practice is to bury the dead within 24 hours if possible - and officials are urging swift burial too, fearing the spread of disease from bodies decomposing in the extreme summer heat. A national business association said the quake could cost the struggling economy $40bn.
CNN News 1999/8/19 01:59GMT
The death toll 7,000 and some 30,000 people were injured.

The hard-hit area accounts for a third of the country's gross domestic product. Turkey's leading business newspaper, Finansal Forum, estimated that the earthquake could cost the country as much as $25 billion
CNN News 1999/8/18 02:38GMT
More than 4,000 had been killed and 20,000 injured. Perhaps more than 10,000 were still missing Destroyed buildings: at least 250 At Turkey's largest oil refinery, at Izmit, aircraft dropped flame retardant on the blaze, which threatened to consume the entire facility. With no electricity, fire crews were unable to use pumps to draw water from the nearby Sea of Marmara. Nearby, other dangers loomed: A fertilizer plant with 8,000 tons of dangerous ammonia was at risk of catching fire.

BBC News 1999/8/19 02:48GMT
More than 3,500 people were killed and at least 16,000 injured
A fire which has been raging at Turkey's largest oil refinery has engulfed six of the refinery's 30 oil tanks,
BBC News 1999/8/18 04:52GMT
2,000 people died and 11,000 were injured At least 200 tremors have been counted and it is feared that buildings will still collapse. A Turkish naval base at Golcuk on the Marmara Sea was badly damaged with at least 20 sailors reported killed and 248 trapped under the rubble.
CNN News 1999/8/17 22:52GMT
At least 2,000 people killed, 10,000 people injured More than 30 buildings had collapsed in Istanbul Badly damaged roads slowed travel, while electricity and telephone outages prevented contact with hard-hit areas. In some areas, water was not available. In Izmit and Bursa, oil refineries burned, while broken gas lines threatened to trigger more fires.
IFRC Report 21/99 99/08/17
Unconfirmed reports indicate that more than 250 have lost their lives.

BBC News 1999/8/17 06:44GMT
100 deaths
Injured at least 500
Multi-storeyed residential buildings have collapsed in Izmit, the city closest to the epicentre, and many people are believed to be trapped inside.
Power cuts have hit a wide area across one of Turley's most heavily industrialized regions.
The timing of the quake means many people will have been asleep indoors when the quake struck, increasing the prospect of high casualties.
CNN News 1999/8/17 04:55GMT
At least 100 feared dead and 500 feared injured.
Some 21 buildings in Istanbul reported damaged. Two oil refinery was on fire in Izmit.
The earthquake caused gas leaks that had erupted into fires across Istanbul.

Related Links
Report/Articles
  • Latest updates on the Turkey Earthquake (ReliefWeb)
    A list of the latest major documents added to ReliefWeb pertaining to the Turkey
  • News Paper Asahi (Japanese only): Turkey Earthquake 1999/08/18
    Daily updated <HR>
  • ReliefWeb

  • AFP 1999/10/08
    The German Football Federation (DFP) will make a donation of 137,000 dollars (129,000 euros) to help victims of the massive earthquake in Turkey.
  • UNICEF 1999/10/07
    UNICEF delivered essential humanitarian supplies, including: medical packs, plastic sheeting for shelters, water purification tablets, toys and other sanitation equipment.
  • Reuters 1999/10/05
    A moderate earthquake measuring 5.2 on the Richter scale shook the southwestern coast of Turkey early Tuesday leaving dozens of people injured.
  • Agence France-Presse (AFP) 1999/09/30
    Japan will extend 200 million dollars worth of official loans to help Turkey rebuild after last month's massive earthquake.
  • Agence France-Presse (AFP) 1999/09/29
    Northwestern Turkey was rocked by another quake early Wednesday. The aftershock at 03:12 a.m. (0012 GMT) measured 4.8 on the open-ended Richter scale.
  • OCHA Situation Report No.24 1999/9/27
    20.2% of the homeless interviewed in 4,927 households expressed intention to move to Istanbul, 10.3% to Ankara and 8.7% to Bursa, among others unwilling to stay in the affect area.

  • Reuters 1999/09/23
    It would go ahead with building nearly 27,000 prefabricated houses for its earthquake survivors despite an official survey which found demand for only 18,000.
  • OCHA Situation Report No.23 1999/09/23
    According to a survey conducted by IBS Marketing Research Services, only 17% of the buildings in the affected area are safe; the actual number of fatalities is far above the official figure; and the potential emigration rate in the area is 26%, in addition to the 5% who have already left the region.
  • UNICEF 1999/09/22
    In addition to helping the people of Turkey meet their basic emergency needs - shelter, medicine and equipment, safe drinking water - UNICEF has completed a major survey of the damaged areas to learn what is needed next.
    The assessment team included UNICEF specialists in:health, nutrition, education, water & sanitation and psychological and social issues
  • Agence France-Presse (AFP) 1999/09/21 4:59
    Two earthquakes, one measuring 5.0 on the Richter scale, hit northwestern Turkey overnight, causing panic but no casualties.
  • Agence France-Presse (AFP) 1999/09/21 12:46
    The World Bank is seeking some three billion dollars in aid to help reconstruction in Turkey following the devastating earthquake there.
  • OCHA Situation Report No.22 1999/09/17
    UNDP fielded a mission to the cities of Adapazari, Izmit, Golcuk, Degirmendere, Karamursel and Yalova on 9 and 10 September, to assess the evolving situation in the region.
  • IFRC (International Federation of Red Cross)
    recent reports and stories
  • OCHA Situation Report No.21 1999/09/15
    The after-shock which shook the affected area on 13 September - the strongest tremor since 17 August - left 6 dead and about 500 wounded; some 20 persons, including damage assessment experts, are believed to be trapped under the rubble in Golcuk and at least three persons have reportedly disappeared in a building that collapsed into the sea.
  • Agence France-Presse (AFP) 1999/09/13
    At least six people were killed and 312 were hurt Monday when the most powerful aftershock to hit Turkey since the massive earthquake of August 17 rocked the already devastated northwestern area of the country.
  • OCHA Situation Report No.20 1999/09/13
    On 13 September 1999, an earthquake of magnitude 5.8 on Richter scale hit the provinces of Kocaeli, Bursa, Istanbul, Sakarya and Yalova at 14:58 (local time).
  • Agence France-Presse (AFP) 1999/09/12
    The six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchies have allocated 400 million dollars in reconstruction aid for Turkey following last month's devastating earthquake.
  • Reuters 1999/09/09
    A moderate earth tremor hit northwestern Turkey on Thursday, three weeks after an earthquake killed at least 15,000 people in a nearby part of the country.The quake measured 5.1 on the Richter scale and had its epicentre under the Aegean Sea near the mouth of the Dardanelles straits.

  • AFP News 1999/09/07
    The World Bank is preparing an aid package for Turkey of up to 1.05 billion dollars to help finance the costs of reconstruction and recovery following the August 17 earthquake.
  • AFP News 1999/09/05
    The provisional toll of the earthquake in Turkey now stands at 15,082 dead and 23,983 wounded, the government crisis center here said, as a series of aftershocks overnight.
  • CNN News 1999/9/13 23:10GMT
    At least seven people were killed and more than 420 injured in the latest quake
  • BBC News 1999/9/13 18:51GMT
    A strong earthquake hit Istanbul on Monday afternoon, killing at least seven people and injuring more than 200
  • CNN News 1999/9/13 09:14GMT
    A 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit northwestern Turkey on Monday, at about 3 p.m. (1200 GMT)
  • OCHA Situation Report No.19 (1999/9/8)
    Shelter, relief and health/water-sanitation assistance through the coming winter for 250,000 homeless persons, with tens of thousands set for accommodation in tent cities managed by the TRCs.
  • AFP NEWS 1999/9/3
    Over 14,600 dead in Turkish earthquake: new toll
  • OCHA Situation Report No.16 (1999/9/2)
    65,318 families were accommodated in 62 tent cities, which are equipped with 1,055 toilets, 51 kitchens and 7 kindergartens. There are 21 tent cities in Sakarya, 19 in Golcuk, 13 in Kocaeli, 6 in Bolu and 3 in Yalova.
  • BBC News 1999/9/2 22:41(GMT)
    Most of the international search-and-rescue teams left Turkey last week, after giving up hope of finding anyone alive.
  • CNN News 1999/8/31 14:41(GMT)
    The death toll: more than 14,000 people. Twin tremors (magnitude of 5.2 and 4.6) were centered on Izmit and were felt in Istanbul 50 miles (80 kilometers) away.

  • OCHA Report No.14 (1999/8/31)
    The Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Ankara reports that casualty figures, as disclosed by the Prime Minister's Crisis Management (PMCMC) as of 30 August, reached a total 14,095 dead and 27,234 injured, with the following breakdown by provinces.
  • OCHA Situation Report No.13 (1999/8/30)
    PMCMC stated that the Turkish Armed Forces had rescued 40,646 people from under the rubble.
  • BBC News 99/8/29 20:40(GMT)
    The European Union is aiming to collect up to 30 million euros ($31m) to assist Turkey. Other international communities are assessing Turkey's needs
  • OCHA Situation Report No.12 (1999/8/28)

  • OCHA Situation Report No.11 (1999/8/27)

  • OCHA Situation Report No.10 (1999/8/26)

  • BBC News 99/8/26 06:39(GMT)
    The death toll stands at 13,009. One government official is quoted as saying that as many as 600,000 people may need to be re-housed.
  • CNN News 1999/8/26 02:25(GMT)
    New supplies of emergency housing may not reach all the needy until late November
  • OCHA Situation Report No.9 (1999/8/25)

  • BBC News 99/8/25 07:00(GMT)
    The government revised the death toll downward by some 5,500 to 12,514. Mr Ecevit has defended his government's handling of earthquake, and renewed appeals for international help.

  • CNN News 1999/8/24 15:55(GMT)
    The Turkish government put the death toll at 17,997, with more than 42,442 people injured.
  • OCHA Situation Report No.8 (1999/8/24)

  • BBC News 99/8/24 07:30(GMT)
    The government said the death toll had reached 14,360. The number of people injured in the quake is put at 43,873. Many of the 2,000 foreign rescue workers have started leaving

  • OCHA Situation Report No.7 (1999/8/23)

  • CNN News 1999/8/23 14:15(GMT)
    The official count of the dead stood at 12,134 Monday, with 33,384 injured. Government requests 45,000 body bags
  • BBC News 99/8/23 06:01(GMT)
    Six days after the devastating earthquake, bulldozers have moved in to clear thousands of tonnes of rubble. The number of dead has officially been put at 12,000 and more than 30,000 other bodies may still be buried in the rubble.


  • CNN News 1999/8/23 03:19(GMT)
    The latest death toll was 12,134, with more than 33,000 people injured. 200,000 people left homeless
  • OCHA Situation Report No. 6 (1999/8/21)

  • CNN News 1999/8/22 06:42(GMT)
    The official death toll stood at 12,025 late Saturday, with more than 34,000 injured. Tens of thousands were still missing, and authorities expect most will be found dead beneath the ruins of their homes. Officials feared outbreaks of disease could drive the death toll even higher.

  • BBC News 99/8/22 5:57(GMT)
    Rescue workers at the centre of the region worst affected by the earthquake in Turkey have been told to abandon the search for more survivors and pull out of the area.
  • CNN News 99/8/21 21:07(GMT)
    Rescuers pulled six more people alive from beneath mountains of rubble.
  • BBC News 1999/8/21 20:53(GMT)
    Survivors continue to be pulled out of the rubble more than 100 hours after Turkey's earthquake struck.
  • BBC News 1999/8/21 08:12(GMT)
    With the confirmed death toll climbing to 10,204, and fears that the final total could be as high as 45,000, Mr Annan said Turkey would need help for many months to come.
    Officials say the bodies of up to 35,000 people could still be trapped in the rubble of collapsed buildings.
  • CNN News 1999/8/21 08:06(GMT)
    Four days after the 7.4 earthquake struck, the Turkish Crisis Center in Ankara said the death toll had risen to l0,059, and government sources told a Turkish newspaper they feared the death toll could rise to 20,000. More than 45,000 were injured and thousands were still missing.

  • OCHA Situation Report No. 5 (1999/8/20)

  • OCHA Situation Report No. 4 (1999/8/19)

  • CNN News 1999/8/20 23:13(GMT)
    More than 10,000 people had died as a result of the earthquake. More than 45,000 were injured and thousands were still missing. Goverment sources told they feared the death toll could rise to 20,000.
  • BBC News 1999/8/20 23:11(GMT)
    The death toll from Turkey's devastating earthquake could eventually exceed 40,000, making it the country's worst this century. Although government officials revised down their earlier death toll of 10,000 to 9,082, they predicted that up to 35,000 more people would be found beneath the rubble.
  • CNN News 1999/8/20 15:09GMT
    The death toll from quake climbed to 10,059 on Friday, the Turkish Crisis said, and more than 45,000 were injured. Officials expect the toll from disaster will continue to rise.
    In Izmit, firefighters managed to bring a blaze at Turkey's biggest oil refinery, sparked by the massive quake, under control Friday,
  • BBC News 1999/8/20 11:00 GMT
    Fears are emerging that Turkey's devastating earthquake could eventually claim up to 40,000 lives, making it the country's worst this century.
    The death toll has now risen to more than 10,000, and a senior United Nations official, Sergio Piazzi, has said that the Turkish authorities had informed him that about 35,000 people - alive or dead - are still buried under the rubble. Another 45,000 people have been injured.

  • BBC News 1999/8/20 07:26GMT
    The death toll had risen to more than 7,000, with another 34,000 injured. The number of people sleeping outside on Aug 19 is estimated as high as two million.
  • BBC News 1999/8/20 03:09GMT
    More than 7,000 people are now known to have died with another 30,000 injured. Estimated 33,000 more were believed to be still buried under the rubble
  • CNN News 1999/8/19 01:59GMT
    The death toll reached 7,000 and some 30,000 people were injured. Questions are being raised about building practices and whether many buildings had been properly constructed
  • OCHA Situation Report No. 3 (1999/8/18)
    More than 200 aftershocks have followed, more than 20 of which were at a magnitude of 4.5 and 4 of which were at 5.
  • OCHA Situation Report No. 2 (1999/8/17)

  • OCHA Situation Report No. 1 (1999/8/17)

  • CNN News 1999/8/18 02:38GMT
    Government officials said more than 4,000 had been killed and 20,000 injured. Perhaps more than 10,000 were still missing, officials estimated.
    Refinery fire threatens to become 'new disaster'
  • BBC News 1999/8/19 02:48GMT
    More than 3,500 people were killed and at least 16,000 injured. With more than 40 hours now having passed, it is feared that many trapped in the rubble of collapsed buildings will succumb to the intense heat and lack of oxygen
  • BBC News 1999/8/18 16:18GMT
    The death toll now exceeds 3,000, while more than 13,000 people have been injured
  • CNN News 1999/8/17 22:52GMT
    The quake registered a magnitude of 7.8 killed 2,000 people in western Turkey.
  • BBC News 1999/8/18 04:52GMT
    With the death toll rising remorselessly all day, state media reported 2,138 killed
  • BBC News 1999/8/17 06:44GMT
    The quake, measuring 6.7 on the Richter scale, has caused about 100 deaths and injured more than 500.
  • CNN News 1999/8/17 04:55GMT
    At least 100 feared dead in powerful Turkey quake
Geographycal Data Information
Emergency Relief Information
  • Agence France-Presse (AFP) 1999/09/13

  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Information of Turkey
    About Earthquake --- http://www.mfa.gov.tr/genel/quake/default.htm
  • Turkish National Tourlist Office in Japan
    Information of Turkey
  • LIST OF NEEDS
    List of urgently required health and medical aid materials for helping the victims.
    (List as distributed by the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 20 August 1999)

  • OCHA Situation Report No.17 (1999/9/2 17:00 GMT)
    SUMMARY OF REMAINING RELIEF REQUIREMENTS
    The Government of Turkey, while not wishing to issue a formal appeal, has nevertheless indicated to the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Ankara that it would welcome international support and cooperation in the protracted relief phase, as well as for rehabilitation and reconstruction.
    This report is to indicate the known and confirmed requirements for support in the protracted relief phase.
  • The List of Donors Contributions, (UNITED NATIONS TURKEY)

  • OCHA-Geneva Contributions Report

  • InterAction Members Response to the Earthquake in Turkey

  • CNN News 1999/8/22 06:42(GMT)
    A total of 19,000 tents were set up in the most devastated areas. At least 20,000 more were needed, and the United Nations planned to provide 70 percent of them, field worker Ziya Gokmen said.

  • BBC News 99/8/21 7:12(GMT)
    The UN was prepared to co-ordinate the international relief effort and was already working to produce lists of what was needed from donors.
    Three US naval ships prepared to dock in Istanbul on Saturday to join the rescue and relief operation.
  • IFRC Report 22/99 1999/8/17
    The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies has launched a preliminary appeal for 10.52 million Swiss francs to assist 100,000 victims of the earthquake.
    The Turkish Red Crescent headquarters in Ankara has sent four rescue and relief teams to the affected zones to reinforce local Red Crescent units.
    The Turkish Red Crescent has requested the deployment of two field hospitals. A German Red Cross field hospital is being redeployed this evening out of Macedonia into Turkey.
  • IFRC Report 21/99 1999/8/17
    The most urgent needs are clean drinking water, blankets and tents. Even though it is hot in Turkey at the moment, shelter will be needed over the coming months
Urgent Report from Supporting Members of the Asian Disaster Reduction Center