|India : Cyclone : 1999/10/28-|
|Outline||The cyclone originated in the Bay of Bengal hit the east India.
The death toll in a giant cyclone that tore across eastern India could run into thousands. Windspeeds of 150 to 160 miles per hour were measured in Bhubaneshwar, capital of Orissa state.
|Human Impact||Physical Impact||Others|
|OCHA Situation Report No.10 1999/11/15|
|According to the Natural Disaster Management (NDM) Control Room at the Ministry of Agriculture, Central Government of India, the death toll now stands at 9,465 and the affected population totals 12.625 million.||The affected crop area totals 1.603 million hectares.
All state roads and major district roads have become operational in all the affected districts except Jagatsinghpur and Kendrapara.
|It is reported that almost all the hand pumps are in operation.
Essential power supply to Bhubaneshwar, Khurda, Cuttack and Puri has been repaired. However, supply to consumers is only partly restored due to extensive damage to distribution lines.
|OCHA Situation Report No.9 1999/11/10|
|The Government of India has just released a death toll figure of 7,474. This increase relates to the discovery of thousands of bodies in coastal areas as flood waters recede.||90 - 100 % loss of crop is reported in the affected districts, as the cyclone hit at the most vulnerable time for paddy crop. The next harvest period would be in April-May 2000. A serious shortage of essential food items in the affected districts is evident.
About 11,000 local schools have been badly damaged/destroyed. Some of the remaining schools are being used as shelter for the homeless.
Over 1.5 million shelters are urgently required. The usefulness of bringing tents from abroad is highly questionable, as tents are not normally used here. Plastic sheets (or similar materials) are recommended. Light blankets are also needed.
|Assets such as boats and tree plantations, which will take many years to restore, have been lost. Signs of migration out of the affected districts are already reported.
Due to large-scale inundation, there is a widespread contamination of drinking water sources. Outbreaks of diarrhoeal diseases are already being reported in spite of enormous preventive measures.. Safe drinking water is a serious problem, as there is no electric power, many hand pumps are damaged and numerous wells, tanks, ponds and canals are polluted. Sanitary conditions have seriously worsened, due to waterlogging and extensive damage to sewerage systems.
Cattle deaths are very significant. Milk cows are lost as a source of income and food, and bullocks - as means to plough the land.
|CNN News 1999/11/04 13:45GMT|
|The toll could reach 10,000 to 20,000. Some officials said 799 deaths had been confirmed so far. A relief commissioner told that they have received the most bodies from Jagatsinghpur district where is about 40 kilometers (25 miles) east of Bhubaneshwar, the capital of Orissa state.
||Officials said it will take a month to fully restore power, weeks to repair the phone system, and days to fix roads.
The economic damage could be in the billions of dollars.
|OCHA Situation Report No.6 1999/11/04|
|8.2 million people have been affected and the officially reported confirmed number of casualties stands at 426. However, according to unofficial newspaper reports, the number of casualties may be significantly higher.||275,000 houses have been destroyed and 323,000 hectares of crops have been damaged. 600 government buildings and 1,200 school buildings have been destroyed/damaged in Jagatsinghpur alone|
|IFRC Report 1999/11/01|
|It is feared that thousands of people may have died. Thousands of families in desperate need of shelter, blankets, food and medicine.
||Vast areas of land in Ganjam, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Puri and Bhubaneshwar districts are now under water. The storm ripped through hundreds of thousands of houses in Orissa State, devastated crops and tore down power lines.|
|OCHA Situation Report No.3 1999/11/01|
|According to information released by the Government and by UNDP in India, more than ten million people, that is about one third of the population, have been affected in eight districts of the state of Orissa.||Thousands of houses, uprooted trees and snapped telecommunication and power lines were destroyed.The worst affected districts are Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Khurda, Puri and Cuttack. Paradip port has been completely devastated. The industrial town of Cuttack has been severely damaged and the cyclone wiped out crops along a 140-kilometer stretch of the coast. Many villages in the path of the cyclone have been totally submerged.||It is reported that the entire coastal region is still without electricity and potable water. The Government reported that telephone lines had been partially restored in Orissa.|
|CNN News 1999/10/31 11:02GMT|
|At least 14 villages in the immediate area of Baleshwar were totally submerged, villagers said. 15,000 people were taking shelter in one college building in the city. As many as 15 million people live in the stricken area and millions among them may be displaced, the administrator said.||The senior administrator of Baleshwar district, said the cyclone devastated Paradwip port, severely damaged the industrial town of Cuttack, demolished a steel plant and wiped out crops along a 140-kilometer (85-mile) coastal area.
||The cyclone roared into Orissa state from the Bay of Bengal Friday, just 12 days after another cyclone devastated the same region and killed more than 100 people.|
|BBC News 1999/10/31 06:49GMT|
|In total, about 10 million people have been affected by the storm, which generated winds of over 250km/h (160mph).
||Many towns and villages remain completely cut off and large tracts of coastline are still under water. Officials say 1.5 million are homeless.
The cyclone ripped through the port town of Paradwip, then moved on to Bhubaneshwar, 90km (55 miles) from the coast. It destroyed road, rail and air links and toppled communications lines.
|From Orissa, there have been reports of looting by hungry villagers.
|CNN News 1999/10/30 15:56 GMT|
|The death toll in a giant cyclone that tore across eastern India could run into thousands||Between 200,000 to 300,000 houses had been damaged.
||The full extent of the damage could not be assessed because roads were closed and telephones and electricity were out.|
|Geographycal Data Information|
|Emergency Relief Information|
|Urgent Report from Supporting Members of the Asian Disaster Reduction Center|