The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) Natural Disasters Data Book 2013 provides the statistical perspectives in figures and tables for 2013 as well as for the period 1984-2013 based on data obtained by EM-DAT.
According to EM-DAT, 361 natural disasters occurred in 2013 worldwide, killing 23,538 people and affecting over 99.9 million people. The estimated amount of economic damage came close to US$119 billion.
In 2013 again, Typhoon Haiyan, which hit the Philippines in November, brought about serious damages to the country. The disaster killed 7,986 people and affecting over 16 million, which are ranked highest in the world in 2013.
As for economic damage, Typhoon Haiyan at 10 billion USD is ranked first in Asia and second in the world, following flooding in Germany, 12.9 billion USD.
By region, Asia is ranked the highest in all the indices of disaster occurrences, the number of people killed and affected and economic damage. Asia accounts for 44.6 percent in occurrences; number of people killed, 84.6 percent; number of affected people, 87.1 percent; and amount of economic damage, 49.0 percent.
By disaster types, flood and storm are dominant among all in terms of occurrence, the numbers of people killed and affected and economic damage. While flood exceeds storm in occurrence at 41.3 percent, the number of people killed, 41.7 percent and economic damage 44.5 percent, respectively while storm shares largest in the number of people affected at 49.2 percent.
Data Book 2013 also contains tables of the 25 worst disasters by number of people killed and total affected people, economic damage, and their respective ratios to population and gross domestic product. It also includes tables of 2013 disasters in ADRC member and other Asian countries sorted by country and disaster type.