The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) Natural Disasters Data Book 2010 provides the statistical perspectives in figures and tables for 2010 as well as for the period 1975-2010 based on data obtained by EM-DAT.
According to EM-DAT, 438 natural disasters occurred in 2010 worldwide, killing almost 306,700 people and affecting over 308 million people. The estimated amount of economic damage came close to US$130 billion.
By region, Asia is the highest in the indices of disaster occurrences and number of people affected, Asia accounts for 32.9 percent; number of people killed, 4.9 percent; total number of affected people, 83.3 percent; and amount of economic damage, 30.7 percent.
Worldwide disaster trends in composition of indices and top shares of impacts vary by disaster type. For instance, flood made up the largest share of 41.8 percent of all disaster occurrences; earthquake, 73.9 percent of total number of people killed; flood, 61.1 percent of total affected people; and earthquake, 36.3 percent of total amount of economic damage. This trend is largely due to the great impact of the Haiti Earthquake occurred in January 2010.
Within Asia, the indices show different trends from the world trend in 2010, and similar trend in Asia in the past trend. In all categories, hydro meteorological disasters such as flood, landslides, and drought make up a substantial portion of the total. Especially in 2010, many parts of Asia experienced severe flood disasters, as represented by the flood in Pakistan from July to August which killed approximately two thousand people, affected nearly 10% of population, and caused economic damage of close to 6% of its GDP. Frequent flood in China also wreaked considerable damage, killing 1,911 people, affecting 140 million people, and costing about US$18 billion in economic damage in total in 2010. In Thailand, flood, which occurred from October to December, killed 258 people, affected about 9 million of people, and gave US$332 million economic damage. India and Philippines destructed several times by flood disasters in a year, and nearly 4 million and 3 million of population were affected respectively.
Data Book 2010 also contains tables of the 25 worst disasters by number of people killed and total affected people, economic damage, and their respective ratios to population and gross domestic product. It also includes tables of 2010 disasters in ADRC member and other Asian countries sorted by country and disaster type.