7 Securing a Good Understanding of Problems with Disaster Reduction Education and Trainings in the Asian Region

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7-1 Background and Policy

We have developed a database on disaster reduction education and trainings after securing a good understanding of the needs for disaster reduction education/trainings in Asian countries and gathering information on disaster reduction education/training programs (disaster reduction training course) conducted in countries worldwide. We have now started publishing the information on our home page.

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7-2 The Needs of Asian Countries concerning Disaster Reduction Education and Trainings

Described below are some of the needs concerning disaster reduction education and trainings in Asian countries as listed by member/advisory countries:

  1. Regional cooperation in human resources development (India);
  2. Development of experts in emergency search/rescue activities (Malaysia);
  3. Development of experts in risk assessment/analysis, disaster relief communications and disaster reduction analysis (Mongolia);
  4. Improvement of training in disaster reduction, early warning, emergency relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction (Nepal); and
  5. Strengthening of training in disaster reduction technology (Philippines).

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7-3 Database of Training Courses for Development of Disaster Reduction Experts

In fiscal 1998, we made inquiries to the United Nations and other international organizations, international disaster reduction organizations and governments concerning their disaster reduction experts' training courses. We built a database of available training courses (75 courses by 31 organizations), which is open to the public on our home page.

The database includes course name, organizer, specialized fields, duration, cost, curriculum, contact address, e-mail address, etc. Shown in Table 7-3-1 is an excerpt of the training course database.

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7-4 Disaster Reduction Education and Trainings by the Center

The Center plans to develop disaster education and training programs and organize training courses. In fiscal 1998, we were able to organize only a few short-term education and training programs.

One of them is a one-month disaster reduction training course in an overseas technical trainee program set up by the Hyogo Prefectural Government. The trainee (Mr. Shen Fan Luan, Deputy Director, Observation & Forecasting Center, Seismological Bureau of Hainan Province, P.R. China) was given training in the provision of disaster reduction information via the Internet. On returning home, he is expected to help build a disaster reduction information network with China via the Internet.

Shown in Table 7-4-1 and 7-4-2 are lists of training courses on international disaster reduction cooperation, the present status of disaster reduction measures in Japan and the disaster reduction information network, offered to disaster reduction staff and fire-fighting staff of local governments, overseas disaster reduction experts and the mass media.

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7-5 Future Policy

In fiscal 1999, we will gather curricula and texts for each training course, while expanding our database of disaster reduction training courses. We also plan to start preparations for developing disaster reduction education and training programs and organizing training courses in the near future.

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Table 7-3-1 List of Training Courses (excerpts)

<Entire Table @http://www.adrc.asia/training.asp>)

Organization

Abbreviation

Training course(one course each)

Asian Disaster Preparedness Center

ADPC

First Regional Training Course on "Urban Flood Hazard Mitigation

Australian Emergency Management Institute

AEMI

Vulnerability Assessment

Canadian Center for Emergency Preparedness

CCEP

World Conference on Disaster Management

Cranfield Disaster Management Centre

CDMC

Disaster Management Training for the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction

Canadian Emergency Preparedness College

CEPC

Basic Emergency Preparedness

Crisis Management and Preparedness Organization

CMPO

Emergency Operations Center Simulation Training

Center of Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance

COE

Combined Humanitarian Assistance Response Training

California Specialized Training Institute

CSTI

Emergency Management

Emergency Measures Organization Nova Scotia

EMONS

Basic Emergency Preparedness

Harvard School of Public Health

HSPH

Planning for Nuclear Emergencies

Indiana Public Safety Training Institute

IPSTI

International Institute for Aerospace Surveys and Earth Science

ITC

Professional Master & Master of Science courses

Application of Geoinformation to Natural hazard Studies 1999-2000

Chiba Earthquake Countermeasure Section

J101

Training for leaders of voluntary disaster prevention organizations

TMG Disaster Prevention Center

J102

Disaster Prevention Citizens' University

Tokyo Red Cross

J103

First Aid Disaster Relief Seminar

Metropolitan Fire Department

J104

Volunteer for disaster support

Disaster Relief Volunteer Activity Promotion Committee

J105

Safety Leader

Gifu Fire Fighting and Disaster Prevention Section

J107

Gifu Disaster Prevention Intensive Seminar

Shizuoka Prefectural Government

J108

Comprehensive Disaster Prevention Course

Hiroshima Disaster Prevention Center

J109

Miyazaki Fire Fighting and Disaster Prevention Section

J110

Citizens' Disaster Prevention Course

Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency

MEMA

Advanced Operations Course

New Zealand National Civil Defence School

NZNCDS

Emergency Planning

Victoria State Emergency Service

VICSES

Emergency Management Planning

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Table 7-4-1 Short-term Disaster Reduction Training (Non-Japanese trainees)

Date

Place

Nationality

Main participants,

Number of attendance

Curriculum

Oct.13,

'98

ADRC

Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia

African Journalist Press Tour, Foreign Press Center, Group of 8

International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, number of natural disasters worldwide and economic damage caused, Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, international disaster reduction cooperation, brief descriptions of ADRC's activities, etc.

Nov.18,

`98

ADRC

China, Indonesia, Mexico, Oman, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand

Disaster Relief and Management Training Course, JICA, Group of 11

Nov. 19,

'98

ADRC

China

Mission for Regional Development Planning, China Association for Science and Technology, Group of 13

Dec.16,

'98

ADRC

China

Mission for Information and Disaster Prevention, Hainan Province, Group of 11

Dec.16,

'98

ADRC

China

Mission for Urban Earthquake Disaster Prevention, P.R. China, Group of 8

Feb.12, '99

ADRC

China

/Mission for Underground Development, Ministry of Construction, P.R. China, Group of 10

Feb.19,`99

ADRC

Bangladesh, Cook Islands, Indonesia, Jordan, Lesotho, Malaysia, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey

The Seminar on Administration for Disaster Prevention, Group of 14

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Table 7-4-2 Short-term Disaster Reduction Training (Japanese)

Date

Place

Main participants,

size of attendance

Curriculum

Nov.13,`98

Hyogo International Plaza

50 students at the School of Humanities for Environmental Policy and Technology, Himeji Institute of Technology

International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, number of natural disasters worldwide and economic damage caused, Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, international disaster reduction cooperation, brief descriptions of ADRC's activities, etc.

Nov.26,`98

ADRC

20 officers from disaster reduction sections of 9 prefectures in the Kinki region

Nov.27,`98

Hyogo International Plaza

42 participants in disaster reduction experts' training course set up by Hyogo Prefectural Government and municipal governments

Jan.13,`99

ADRC

10 persons in the Mission for Safer Cities, Ministry of Construction, Japanese Government

Feb.22,`99

ADRC

3 participants in Kobe City Fire Academy's Education and Training Program

Mar. 4,`99

ADRC

3 persons from Sakata City's Fire Station