2. 4 Summary of results
- While many residents evacuated to a higher place at the occurrence of Tsunami,
a certain number of people(23%) went to sea to have a look as the sea level
- 94 % of residents have very limited knowledge of a tsunami, and 90 % think that the Tsunami damage could have been reduced if they had known more about it.
- The most useful information source soon after the Tsunami was verbal communications
with the family or neighbors (40 %), being considered more informative
than the Media such as TV (21 %), radio (19 %) and newspapers (5 %). This
result suggests that relationships among people in communities is vital
as a means of communication.
- Many residents answered that the most effective ways to raise public awareness
on disaster reducation were education in schools and displaying tsunami
- Residents consider that the following countermeasures should be promoted
for disaster reduction: establishment of early warning system for natural
disasters (95 %); enhancement of emergency information dissemination system
(49 %); building Infrastructures for disaster prevention, such as sea walls
(24 %); promotion of school education on disaster reduction (23%), which
in turn shows a positive move for an overall disaster management.
(2) School children
- 49 % of school children responded that they have never learnt about natural
disasters, however, 90 % would like to study them, which shows high interest
for disaster education, within the students.
- The survey revealed that approximately 30 % of children were still ignorant
about the cause of a tsunami, while 71 % have properly understood it. This
result underlines the dire need of promoting disaster education urgently.
- It is expected that disaster education in schools in turn might have a
positive impact on educating adults as well, since 94 % of children use
to talk with their families what they learnt in the school.
(3) Class teachers
- Approximately 1/4 of the teachers answered that they had a well-functioning
curriculum including a subject for learning about natural disasters.
- Teachers answered that videos (81 %), reading books (50 %) and picture
books(39 %) were effective for a education material for disaster reduction.
(4) Government officers
- 29 % of those surveyed answered that they had training /seminars and drills
for natural disasters in their offices, who are navy personnel and a part
of police officers. Other 71 % of the general authorities receive no training
- 96 % of surveyed officials feel the need to take disaster reduction measures
for tourists. Specifically, displaying signs for evacuation in different
languages in the city is considered as the most effective way to preserve
their security (45 %).
- According to the survey results to government officials, disaster reduction
measures to be taken are establishment of early warning system for natural
disasters (89 %), enhancement of emergency information dissemination system
(77 %), and strengthening capability of search and rescue and emergency
medical service (58 %), the first three points further strengthen the residents
view points on the same. Other essential measures were identified as improvement
of public information on disaster risk management including distribution
of Hazard Maps (58 %) and raising public awareness on natural disaster
at the community level (58 %).
- Sirens and bells are considered as the most effective tools to disseminate
disaster warning to the residents, followed by TV (61 %) and radio (67