2.1 Residents

Number of samples: 1,324

Q. What was your reaction at the occurrence of Tsunami?

(1) When I saw the sea level dropped,

(2) When I saw the waves approaching to the coast line,

(3) When I saw the waves approached to my house or toward me,

Comment: As per the respondent's comments, a significant number of people rushed to sea to have a look as the sea level dropped may be due to their lack of knowledge on earthquake related incidents.

Q. What triggered your decision to evacuate?

Comment: Many people evacuated when the Tsunami struck, while only a few escaped as the sea level dropped.

Q. How did you escape from the wave?

Q. How did you hear the news on Tsunami?

Q. How did you get the information on the rescue and relief during the first week after the Tsunami occurrence?

Comment: Informal communication channels seem to be more effective than mass media.

Q. What kinds of the information did you want to know most during the first week after the Tsunami occurrence?

Comment: People were most worried about the safety of their family as expected, while the second serious concern is for the scale and damage of the disaster hitting the area, more than those for aid supplies and shelters. People were less concerned about rehabilitation of utilities such as electricity, gas and water supply.

Q. Which mode most cater the above needs?

Comment: People obtained information more from the family or neighbors verbally than from the Media reports. This result suggests the relationships among people in communities is important in a time of disaster. Careful identification of these relationship patterns might create a foundation to have awareness programs in more efficient and effective way in the future.

Q. Have you heard about Tsunami before the disaster?

Q. If you had known more about Tsunami, do you think you could have reduced the damage in the affected area?

Comment: The above result indicates the importance of awareness on natural disaster in minimizing possible losses.

Q. What is most effective way to utilize the lessons for preventing/mitigating a tragedy from recurring?

Comment: Striking results shows that disaster education in schools most effective. Displaying tsunami warning / evacuation signs received many votes, which is supposedly based on their experiences of evacuation.

Q. What kinds of countermeasures should be taken for reducing the future damage by Tsunami?

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