Formal Name: Republic of Armenia
Republic of Armenia is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Armenia shares its western border with Turkey, northern border with Georgia, eastern border with Azerbaijan and southern border with Iran. Land area is 29,000 square kilometers. Most of the terrain being covered with mountains and high plateau, the average altitude of the terrain is 1,800 meters high. The climate is highland continental with a hot summer and cold winter.
The capital of the Republic of Armenia is Yerevan. Of the 3 million people, 97.9 percent are the Armenian, 1.2 percent Yazidis, and 0.5 percent Russian.
94 percent of the disasters which occurred between 1986 and 2011 in Armenia were earthquakes. Flood, snowstorm and frost are the annual disasters. High wind and hail occurs every couple of years.
The Spitak earthquake occurred in December 1988 was a devastating disaster whose Richter scale was 6.9 claimed the lives of 25,000, and 500,000 people became homeless.
The National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia has passed:
1. Law on the Protection of the Population in Emergency (December 1998), 2. Law on Seismic Protection (June 2002), 3. Law on Fire Security (February 1999), 4. Law on Safe Utilization of Atomic energy for Peaceful Purposes (April 2001), 5. Law on Environmental Education and Public Awareness (November 2001), 6. Law on Task Force and Status of a Rescuer (June 2004), and 7. Principals of Environmental Legislation
Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES-Armenia) is in charge of national level disaster management.
Earthqake Disaster Management System is as shown in the left figure. NSSP (National Survey for Seismic Protection) takes various measures for earthquake disaster management.
The State Complex Program on Seismic Risk Reduction in the Territory of Armenia was formulated in 1999.
Country Report 2015 (English Version, PDF file)
Country Report 2012 (English Version, PDF file)
Country Report 2010 (English Version, PDF file)
Country Report 2006 (Japanese Version, PDF file)
Country Report 2006 (English Version, PDF file)
Country Report 2003 (English Version)
Country Report 2002 (English Version)
Country Report 2001(English Version)