On going Initiatives for Disaster Reduction
Based on the experience of
managing past major disasters and technological development being taken place in
and outside the country, Government of India and State Governments have
initiated /planning to undertake various activities/programs contributing
towards reducing the adverse impact of natural disasters. Some of them are
1. Setting up of National Committee
on Disaster Management under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister-after the
to suggest institutional and legislative measures for an effective and long term
strategy to deal with major natural disasters in future.
2.Setting up of a High Powered Committee on Disaster Management Plans-set up in August, 1999 and report submitted in October 2001
to review the existing arrangements for
preparedness and mitigation of natural and manmade disasters, recommend measures
to strengthen organizational structures and
recommend a comprehensive model plan for management of these disasters at
National, State and District levels- Recommendations are being considered by the
National Committee on Disaster Management.
3.Ministry of Home Affairs as focal Point for Disaster Management
order to have coordination of all disasters at one place.
4.Creation of Search and Rescue Teams
- Based on the experience of
managing the major disasters of Super Cyclone of Orissa 1999 and Earthquake of
Gujarat of 2001, it has been decided
to create S&R Teams at the National to strengthen
this weak area of Search and Research Capacity . State Governments have
also been requested to create such Teams.
5. Setting up of a National Disaster Management Authority
a part of ongoing exercise for strengthening institutional mechanism in the
country to respond immediately and effectively
to the disaster situations-proposed to be set up under Ministry of Home
6. Periodical review of Sectoral
Emergency Support System of various Ministries/Departments/Organizations of
As disaster management is an
multi-dimensional, various Organizations of the Government has to play their
role. The periodical review of Emergency Support System of various organizations
in there will keep the machinery active and tools in the state of readiness.
a) Setting up of a National Institute for Disaster Management
Proposed to set National Institute by upgrading existing
for Disaster Management, as an autonomous body – to cater the need of the country in the areas of human resource development and creation of knowledge and its dissemination. National Center
b) Faculty on Natural Disaster Management in States- to assist the State Governments in carrying out the disaster reduction related activities including human resource development- Faculties have been created in 24 out 28 States – rest are being persuaded.
c) Setting up of the
Disaster Mitigation Authority (OSDMA)-in the context of super cyclone of October 1999 Orissa State
– To strengthen the capacity of State to carry out disaster reduction related programs and management of future disasters.
d) Setting up of the
Disaster Management Authority-in the context of severe, earthquake of Gujarat State 26th January,2001
- To strengthen the capacity of State to carry out disaster reduction related program and management of future disasters.
8. UN assisted Projects
(i) UNDP Project on Strengthening the disaster management capacity (1997-2001)
-imparted specialized training/increased skills and capabilities of the officers working in this area from Government of India, State Governments, National Center for Disaster Management, State Faculties on NDM through training programs/study tours, provided basic equipment, making available manual and guidelines for training centers and contributed in creating awareness about the importance of and the need of preparedness and mitigation measures.
(ii) UNDP Project on Natural Disaster Risk Management Programs (2002-2007)
-to be implemented in 125 the most multi-hazard prone districts of 12 States- with focus on district and community level activities.
9.USAID Programs for Enhancement of Emergency Response (1997-2004)
enhancing the capacity of the persons from first responders to meet the
situation arising out of collapsed structures due to earthquakes and cyclones.
to build a cadre of trainers for replicating the programs in various parts of
10. Preparation of Vulnerability Atlas of India-for disasters of earthquakes, floods and cyclones
assist the disaster managers and planners for formulating action plans
for achieving disaster reduction based on vulnerability of the area to
11.Legislation in the field of Disaster Management
proposed to take measures for giving adequate legislative support to various
disaster reduction and management related programs for their effective
12.Guidlelines for Disaster Resistant Construction
the use of concerned organizations and individuals for constructing disaster
13. Upgrading and Strengthening of Seismological Instrumentation Network
to improve the capacity of the country for effective monitoring of seismic
activities and assist in formulating earthquake preparedness programs.
14.Disaster Related Standardization– preparation of Codes
and guidelines through Bureau of Indian Standards, Building Material &
Technology Promotion Council and
for the use of concerned
organizations and individuals for constructing disaster resistant
15. Hazard Assessment and Mapping
improve the capacity of the country for effective monitoring of seismic
activities and assist in formulating earthquake preparedness programs.
16. Preparation of Seism tectonic Atlas of India
be used for the seismic hazard risk assessment and preparation of reliable
seismic zoning map of
Jal Vigyan Technology
to improve hazard mitigation in the Himalayan.
18. Proposal to set up a Earthquake Risk Evaluation Centers
to assist in translating the earthquake hazard related knowledge products in to
seismic risk evaluation, hazard mitigation and preparedness.
19.Disaster Warning System (DWS)
-dependable communication tool in
wake of disruption of normal communication system following the cyclones.
Successfully operated during past cyclones and found to be very effective
Scheme for Disaster Management
To improve disaster management
strategy and to enhance our capability to mitigate
impact of disasters in the country in the long-run,
A Central Sector Scheme on Natural Disaster Management Programs (NDMP) is
being implemented from December 1993. The
main objective of the program is to enhance the national capability for disaster
reduction, preparedness and mitigation. The
program is also expected to enhance the level of awareness of the community
about disasters they are likely to face and prepare them adequately to face the
crisis situation. The
components of the program include human resource development, research and
consultancy services, documentation of major events, operation of Centers for
Disaster Management at the National and State Levels, public education and
community participation, international cooperation.
21. Strengthening Forecasting and Warning Systems
Meteorological Department, Central Water Commission are continuously making
efforts for strengthening forecasting and warning of various disasters, keeping
in view the experiences of previous disasters and technological development
taking place in and outside the country.
22. Extensive campaign for public education and community involvement
is taking all steps to undertake more extensively activities relating to
educating the people, particularly students, and motivating them to involve in
various programs of the Government- assistance of non-governmental organizations
and other private organizations are being taken.
23.Networking of various Institutions
are large number of organizations working in one or the other areas of disaster
management including preparedness
and mitigation. Efforts are being made to network them, so that the benefit of
their work can be taken and also to avoid duplication of activities.
24. Involvement of Non –governmental organizations
are required to play a vital role in the management disasters to supplement the
efforts of the Government, keeping in view of vastness of the country. Efforts
have been initiated to involve them more effectively.
25. Involvement of Private Sector