Armenia is one of few countries entirely located in the zone of high seismic risk. Due to it the losses from earthquakes in the territory of Armenia in 1988-1998 are 94% of the amount caused from all types of disasters. There were 2028 emergencies in Armenia in 2003 including 1859 e.g. 92% of technogenic origin (wildfire, destruction, car accidents etc) and 169 e.g. 8% of natural origin (earthquake, floods and deluge, landslides, hail, frost). During those events 227 people have been perished and 1788 people have been suffered. Appendix 1 represents the catalogue of earthquakes occurred in Armenia in 2003. There were significant steps in the field of earthquake caused disaster management in the Republic of Armenia:
Armenian NSSP main tasks and goals are as follows:
The Expert Council established in Armenian NSSP includes prominent national and foreign scientists and specialists and is dealing with the reviewing and adoption the following matters of great importance:
Armenian NSSP possess the valuable Earthquake Catalogue of Armenia and adjacent areas as well as the detailed reports about the earthquakes occurred and activity undertaken. Since 2002 Armenian NSSP as an Agency was a part of Emergency Management Administration under the Government of the Republic of Armenia (EMA RA). The main functions of EMA RA are as follows:
The EMA Crisis Management Institute provides:
Armenian NSSP web-page is www.nssp.am and EMA RA web-page is www.ema.am
The pages is temporarily not functioning in the period from 25 January 2004 till 10.February 2004 due to modernization.
The ADRC responsible person in the Republic of Armenia is Dr. Alvaro Antonyan, President of Armenian NSSP, tel. 374 1 28-64-94; fax 374 1 36-62-80; Mailing address: Davidashen Massiv IV, Yerevan, 375054, Republic of Armenia.
The stages of disaster management are as follows:
The scheme of disaster management system in the Republic of Armenia is presented in Appendix 2. The main goal of the scheme is population protection and its system along with subsystems is presented in Appendix 3.
Organization and structure of Disaster Management National System (DMNS) is stipulated by:
Major earthquake can cause national disaster for small nation.
In this case the government handles the disaster management and the regional (marze) and community (town and village) disaster management bodies are established under the aegis of DMNS including local authorities and representatives of a number of institutions namely Emergency, Seismic Protection, Internal affairs, Defence etc.
DMNS and its elements structure, staff, and tasks as well as responsibility are stipulated by legal and normative documents and government decisions.Below the tentative structure and tasks of the republican and community seismic disaster management headquarters are presented.
The headquarters are arranged immediately after earthquake by the order of Prime Minister or Governor. The order provides the headquarters named staff, location and main obligations and responsibilities. Operative Headquarters are working round clock and maintaining meetings everyday. Conditions for headquarters effective work are provided and permanent communication with DMNS, government and municipal services are ensured. Headquarters comprise of 15-20 experts and representatives of state management bodies who are directly dealing with rescue operations and organizational tasks of earthquake consequences elimination. To solve problems mentioned below the special committees under the town headquarters are expedient to establish. Every committee should have clear and distinct idea about its main tasks, obligations and authority, and work timetable (round clock during the first month after earthquake).
Usually the destructive earthquakes circle the territory of several administrative areas (marzes, regions, towns etc). Due to it the establishment of republican earthquake consequences liquidation headquarters is essential. The main goal of republican headquarters is the coordination of activities of different community headquarters with the aim at saving human lives and liquidation of earthquake consequences. The republican headquarters are formed by the decree of the President. It indicates the staff of headquarters, location and main obligations and responsibilities. The headquarters are working round clock organize the meetings several times if needed and not less than once a week. The headquarters are headed by the Prime Minister. It involve the ministers, governors and the Chairman of National Assembly etc.
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