A. Livestock: the Main Livelihood

 

Coordinating Agencies: UNDP, FAO

Government Counterpart: Ministry of Agriculture & Industry

Implementing Partners: UNDMT, FAO, INGOs

Location of Initiative: Dundgobi, Uvurkhangai, Zavkhan, Tuv.

 

A.1: Background and Context

 

Severe depletion of herds has already occurred in four aimags and is growing in others. Further losses will be incurred if adverse weather conditions are encountered before the commencement of Spring growth in late May/early June. These losses could be partially offset through the mobilization of immediate feed supplements already within the country. The recovery rate will be determined by the surviving animals’ ability to efficiently utilize the biomass provided. The national rehabilitation policy is to emphasize restocking measures for households severely affected by adverse weather conditions. Furthermore, increased efficiency will be achieved if both internal and external parasites are controlled through the provision of appropriate animal health inputs

 

A.2: Objective

 

The immediate and most critical goal is to secure the survival of the remaining livestock and, in so doing, to reduce the number of herders from dropping below the subsistence level. This will be complimented by the rehabilitation efforts of supporting restocking, veterinarian services and feed production activities.

  1. Relief objective:
  2. In the months of April, May and June when the highest animal death rate is projected, get food stuffs to the livestock to save the largest number of animals possible. These animals are the herders most preciuos asset and the best support for the survival of the herders. Saving an animal at risk is far more economical than entering a restocking process.

     

  3. Rehabilitation Objective
  4. Improved plans for feed resource management must be developed, adapted and validated with close herder participation. This will involve not only better fodder production, but also better use of agro-industrial by-products and maintenance of good stocks of hay and crop residues.

     

    Identify strategically favorable places where re-stocking breeding stock should be kept and from where breeding stock could be supplied to areas hit by disasters once the present emergency is under control. Training on livestock production, processing, health, and marketing, as well as on better management of individual herds/flocks and of herder- organized groups should be essential rehabilitation objectives.

 

A.3: Strategy for Implementation

 

The strategy of this relief/rehabilitation program is to support the national efforts to secure the survival of the remaining adult animals and their offspring - the sole source of herders’ income, food, transportation, and access to medical services. The relief program will reduce the number of herders that may drop below the poverty line (approximately US$ 14 per person per month). The rehabilitation program will be based on Mongolia’s earlier restocking efforts and veterinary service. The latter is in need of private practice management training and assistance to establish relationships of trust with local herders.

 

The target population will be herders in dzud-affected soums. They will directly benefit from re-established and improved veterinary services under free-market conditions, and will learn to collaborate on a mutual trust basis as partners with the veterinarians to attain and maintain healthy Mongolian livestock. To successfully improve the herders life through veterinary service and quality animal husbandry, advisory veterinarians will be identified in the targeted soums to work with the herder communities and implementing partner agency.

 

FAO is preparing detailed project profiles addressing the above-mentioned needs. The project profiles will be forwarded to the donor community for appraisal in the coming weeks. FAO will implement the activities in partnership with experienced national and international NGOs, and in coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture, the State Emergency Committee and local authorities. All efforts in this domain will be linked wherever possible with the on-going livestock work of IFAD, USAID and the World Bank.

 

A.4: Budget for Implementation

 

Items

Total cost

US$

Purchase and transport of animal feed (hay, husks, veterinary medicine, etc.)

180,000

Distribution, monitoring

8,000

Total

188,000

 

N.B. FUNDS NEEDED IN APRIL 2000

 

The budget and timeframe for implementation of the rehabilitation component will be submitted later based on the analysis and project profiles to be done by FAO.

 



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